We often spend a lot of time designing, shortening, filing and polishing nails, but how much time do you spend looking at your nails when they are not painted? This means that you probably did not notice spots, streaks and strange colors – things that can indicate that something is going on with your body, not in a positive way.
Although nothing can replace a visit to a doctor to establish the correct diagnosis, “checking” the nails for the following disorders can still help you identify early signs of certain diseases.
If the nail bed is pale, you may have anemia. Anemia as a result of an insufficient amount of iron can lead to an inadequate amount of oxygen in the blood – and as a result – to the pallor of the skin and tissues, in particular, the tissues located under the nails. In addition, pale nails can be a sign of the onset of liver diseases or diabetes. Both these conditions can lead to a decrease in blood flow in the body.
Yellowing and thickening of nails
Yellow nails, of course, do not look very nice, and, of course, they cause disfigurement: thickened nails, with yellow or without a yellow tinge, are characteristic of fungal infection, which, as a rule, affects the entire surface of the nail. Preparations for external use (creams, lotions, whey, etc.) quite often do not help, because the infection is based in the nail bed and under the fingernail. In such cases, usually prescribed drugs that are taken orally.
Even if you regularly and carefully check if there are any suspicious spots or formations on the skin, there is a very high probability that you miss the nails at a similar examination, a place where a dangerous melanoma often goes unnoticed. Never ignore the dark brown or vertical black stripes on the nails. They can be the main sign of melanoma, which requires early detection and treatment.
Depressions and grooves
Dents and small cracks in the nails are known as deepening of the nail bed, they are often associated with psoriasis, an inflammatory disease that leads to the appearance of plaques and red spots all over the body. For diagnosis, you need to consult a doctor, he can recommend a particular therapy or medication.
Fragile, thin, exfoliating nails
Fingernails can be frustrating, but if your nails are broken and broken at the slightest touch, this may mean that something is wrong with the thyroid gland. This gland regulates metabolism, energy levels and growth, so an insufficient amount of its hormone usually leads to hair loss, brittle and thin nails that grow slowly. Diseases of the thyroid gland are manifested in the separation of the nail at its end. This division is visible to the naked eye.
Horizontal white lines that extend across the entire nail, which appear on more than one nail, can be an indicator of kidney disease, liver damage or the lack of protein and other nutrients in the body. It is believed that their formation causes an interruption in the supply of blood to the nail bed, which is associated with the underlying disease. Shorter, horizontal white marks or lines are most likely the result of a nail bed disruption. It may take several weeks or months until they disappear.
Blue nails – an indicator that a person does not have enough air, the same is associated with blue nails – nails do not get enough oxygen. This can be caused by diseases of the respiratory system or vascular problems, called the Raynaud phenomenon (a rare vascular disease). Some people just have a slower circulation, especially when exposed to low temperatures, but if your nails are blue, it’s best to consult a doctor.