Vaginitis: Causes and Treatment

Vaginitis: Causes and Treatment

Under the unpleasant word “vaginitis” there is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina1. This is one of the most common inflammatory gynecological diseases.

Causes of acute vaginitis

non-observance of rules of personal hygiene and hygiene of a sexual life;

unprotected sex;

decreased immunity in various infectious diseases;

damage to the vaginal mucosa due to improper syringing or other causes;

allergic reactions;

hormonal disorders;

the use of various drugs, both local and systemic action;

vaginal dryness, caused, among other things, by a lack of estrogens.

In some cases, and this is especially important to know, vaginitis can be asymptomatic3. In this case, you can identify the signs of the disease with a planned (at least 2 times a year) visit to the gynecologist.

The most common “troubles” for acute vaginitis include:

vaginal discharge, different from normal in number, color or odor;

burning and itching around the vagina, including, with urination;

discomfort during sexual intercourse.

Note that normal discharges4 from the vagina are considered to be small amounts of transparent or whitish discharge, which do not have a strong or unpleasant smell.

If you feel at least one of the signs of vaginitis, then as a general recommendation, you can advise you to refrain from having sex and contact your doctor as soon as possible. After the examination and necessary tests, the doctor will prescribe you a treatment corresponding to the type of infection that caused inflammation. In the event that, even after the course of treatment, you continue to feel uncomfortable, you should contact a specialist again. Self-medication can not be categorically avoided, since at best you eliminate symptoms for the time being, but not the cause of the disease.

Treatment of vaginitis

1. Treatment with drugs aimed at suppressing a specific bacterial infection6, usually in the form of topical application.

2. Increase local immunity and restore the normal pH of the vagina, which allows you to create conditions for the restoration of healthy microflora. For example, for these purposes, vaginal tablets containing ascorbic acid are used. They normalize the environment in the vagina, preventing the growth of opportunistic microflora.

3. If necessary, general or local hormone therapy is prescribed.

In conclusion, we note that if you experience unpleasant sensations in the vagina, one or more of the symptoms listed above, do not suffer, do not expect that they will pass by themselves. Vaginitis, like any other gynecological disease, requires a thorough diagnosis and compulsory treatment. Be attentive to yourself and be healthy!

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