Uterine fibroids: causes, treatment, complications

Unfortunately, the age of fibroids proliferation in our days has significantly decreased – as early as 20-25 years there may be signs of a tumor, and the disease itself is one of the most common. That’s why every woman should know what a uterine myoma is, and regularly (at least once a year) undergo a specialist examination. Timely diagnosis and treatment will help to maintain health as sparing methods.

Myoma is a very complicated disease, connected with the hormonal status of a woman. Self-identify and cure it is impossible. From diagnosis to treatment strategy, it requires an individual approach and professional knowledge about the interaction of various body systems.

Risk groups and causes of uterine fibroids2

The question of the exact causes of this disease is still open: in each case, it is important to study the patient’s health, his way of life, heredity. Among the reasons that can lead to tumor growth, experts call:

1. Lack of delivery and breastfeeding by age 30

2. Later onset of menstruation

3. Abortion

4. Improperly selected birth control pills

5. Gynecological diseases

6. Diseases of the cardiovascular system

7. Genetic predisposition

8. Excess weight and lack of physical activity

9. Constant stress

Abortion, late first childbirth and lack of breastfeeding, untreated gynecological diseases are a serious threat to women’s health. After all, these causes of uterine fibroids are one of the most dangerous and can lead to surgery to remove the organ. Some experts believe that the appropriate age for the birth of the first child is 22 years, for the birth of the second child – 25 years, but in general it is important that the first birth took place before 30 years. In women who gave birth to children during this period, the risk of developing uterine fibroids is significantly reduced.

Do not underestimate the harm of sluggish gynecological diseases. They do not always manifest themselves as obvious symptoms, but they can undermine women’s health year after year. To protect yourself from this danger, you need to regularly see a gynecologist and do not ignore the prescribed treatment.

The pathology of the cardiovascular system, overweight and lack of physical activity in some cases can also act as causes of uterine fibroids. Compliance with the rules of a healthy lifestyle is not a whim, but a measure of protection against fibroids and other diseases.

Heredity also plays an important role in assessing the risk of fibroids. The pathologies of the mother can easily be repeated in the daughter, but knowledge of a possible problem will help to better control their health and “neutralize” the disease at an early stage.

The first menacing symptoms3

Myoma of the uterus does not always show itself clearly pronounced signs. Nevertheless, most patients have the following symptoms:

● Unusual menstruation (duration of more than 8 days, pain, the appearance of blood clots)

Pelvic pain

● A feeling of pressure and heaviness in the pelvic area

● Pain in the back and legs

● Pain during sexual intercourse

● Bladder compression, leading to rapid urination

● Increased abdominal size

● Bowel movement, leading to constipation

The presence of one or two symptoms from this list is already an occasion to consult a doctor. A specialist can diagnose a fibroids during internal examination. Additional tests (smear, blood test, urine) may also be required to assess the health status in general and develop the right treatment strategy.

Why should the diagnosis and treatment of uterine fibroids be performed by a specialist? Myoma can not arise in an absolutely healthy body, the reason for its appearance are other diseases, and its course and consequences inevitably affect all body systems. In addition, under adverse conditions, fibroids can quickly progress, and the loss of time for “self-diagnosis” and “self-treatment” can play a fatal role.

Methods of treatment of uterine myomas 3

Treatment of uterine fibroids is divided into medicamental, and operative. For the treatment of women in childbearing age, medicinal methods (drug treatment) are always preferred. Operative intervention should always have good reasons and be performed only in extreme cases.4

Operational treatment of fibroids can lead to the loss of the possibility of having children. That is why it is important to be examined on time and not to bring the situation to extreme measures. If the indications for surgery are really weighty, doctors try, with all possible risks, to preserve the uterus and the genital function of a woman. In this case, methods such as myomectomy (tumor removal), as well as uterine artery embolization (blocking the blood flow to the tumor, causing it to decrease) are possible. Removal of the uterus is used, mainly, only in women who have emerged from childbearing age.

The decision on the operation is decided individually. Among the indications for surgery may be the following:

● Location of myoma under the uterine mucosa

● Large size of the uterus with a tumor

● Bleeding from the uterus, accompanied by anemia (anemia)

● Rapid growth of fibroids

● Acute abnormality of myoma

● Compression of the bladder, rectum

● Location of the cervix

● Growing fibroids in the postmenopausal period (cessation of menstruation)

Drug treatment is carried out using drugs and lifestyle adjustments. The earlier fibroids have been identified, the easier it is to slow down the growth of the tumor, avoid surgery and save the opportunity to have a baby.

Indications for drug treatment are the following:

● childbearing age

● the location of the myoma between the muscles

● small size of the uterus

● no change in the shape of the uterus

In this case, the treatment consists in the elimination of disorders caused by fibroids: inflammation, anemia, problems with blood filling of the pelvic organs, disorders of the nervous system. For this, not only drugs are used, but simple methods of maintaining health:

● Compliance with sleep

● Regular sex life

● Abandonment of bad habits

● Weight control and proper diet selection

● Reasonable physical activity, walks

● Taking vitamins

Drugs prescribed for the treatment of fibroids should be individually tailored for specific tasks. Depending on the body’s problems, it can include antibiotics – to eliminate bacterial infection, hormonal drugs for fighting fibroids, iron preparations to eliminate anemia, drugs to improve immunity, vitamins, phytopreparations (plant-based medicines), soothing, analgesic.5.

Vitamins A, E, C, trace elements of copper, zinc and iodine, iron preparations, immunity-enhancing agents support the body during illness, during and after treatment.

Hormonal drugs to treat tumors can achieve the desired effect and reduce fibroids, but such therapy has its side effects. For example, drugs that reduce the production of female sex hormones, lead to a decrease in the uterus, and with it, and tumors, but there is a violation of the menstrual cycle, there are hot flashes, headache, dryness in the vagina.

Drugs for the therapy of myomas are prescribed only by a doctor, he also develops a course of treatment. The regimen includes an accurate schedule and dose of the drug – follow the scheme is necessary, otherwise the treatment will not bring results, and the situation will worsen. After the course of hormonal drugs, supportive therapy may be needed – taking prescribed birth control pills.

When an unplanned pregnancy occurs during treatment, as a rule, it is recommended to keep it, as pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding can cause the myoma to decrease and even completely stop its development.

Can I cure myoma of the uterus with folk remedies?

The complexity of the disease dictates the need to consult a specialist. With uterine myoma it is important to conduct a competent examination of the body, evaluate its results correctly, and make an individual treatment plan on their basis.

Traditional medicine does not have the tools and means to perform the whole complex of these actions. Moreover, “home remedies” can break the delicate balance by tilting the scales in your favor. When the tumor develops, the body already experiences stress: weakened immunity, possible problems with going to the toilet, pains require correction by proven and effective methods of occupational medicine. You can not substitute for medicine with a scientific explanation, because in the case of myoma it can end badly.

It is known that phytotherapy can be effective, and many plants contain substances like hormones. However, their independent reception can have a very negative impact on health, provoke a rapid deterioration of the condition and growth of the tumor.

Caution: complications

Even after reducing or removing the tumor, a woman’s health requires attention and observation. The presence of harmful factors can lead to a new growth of the tumor. This applies to women in the menopause period, when hormonal adjustment can again start the process of activating the myoma, and the consequences can be already heavier, up to the removal of the uterus. The repeated occurrence of fibroids in adulthood is an occasion to reflect on the location of the oncological diseases.

With the surgical removal of a tumor consisting of many nodes, scars remain on the uterus. These changes can cause infertility or provoke uterine rupture during pregnancy. In this case, the woman should wait at least six months after the operation and before conception. Doctors can prescribe a pregnant cesarean section to reduce the risk.

Throughout the treatment and after it, you need to closely monitor your health, do not ignore the examinations and follow the doctor’s recommendations. It is important at the same time to choose a specialist who will generate trust and answer all the questions that concern you. A list of clinics with professional doctors in your city can be viewed here.

To never know what a hysteromyoma is, it is necessary to take measures in advance and take care of yourself. Prevention of uterine fibroids is not only an annual examination and ultrasound, but also a healthy lifestyle, reasonable protection from unwanted pregnancy and the birth of children.

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