Treatment of polycystic ovaries.

Treatment of polycystic ovaries.

Treatment of polycystosis – If pus begins to form in the cysts, an operation is performed, in which the cysts are cut and cleaned of pus. In especially severe cases of renal failure, hemodialysis or even transplantation of the affected organ is prescribed.

Frequently asked Questions.

Polycystic ovary syndrome – Endocrine disruption of polycystic ovaries affects not only the sexual sphere. With prolonged course of this disease and in the absence of adequate treatment, serious complications often arise from other organs and systems of the body.

The cyst is a pathological formation consisting of a wall and contents that forms in various organs and tissues of the body. The cyst can be acquired or congenital. The structure of the cyst wall and its contents depends on the mechanism of cyst formation and on the organ or tissue in which this cyst is located.

Polycystic kidney – If the parenchyma is already sufficiently reduced, the patient begins to feel a constant thirst. This is due to the fact that the kidneys can not concentrate urine and all the liquid received by the body is given in the form of urine. The urine resembles water.

Polycystic ovary is an endocrine disease characterized by impaired endocrine and reproductive function of the ovaries.

Polycystic ovary occurs in about 15% of women of reproductive age and accounts for more than 65% of all cases of endocrine infertility.

Often, the disease occurs during the adolescent period and begins to appear during the appearance of the first menstrual cycles. In the pathogenesis of this disease, it is important to note the role of stressful situations, traumas and infections suffered in childhood. A certain role is played by the hereditary predisposition to this type of disease. In a woman whose relatives suffer from type 2 diabetes, obesity or hypertension, the risk of developing this disease is somewhat higher than in the general population.

The main manifestations of polycystic ovary are: a menstrual cycle, acyclic uterine bleeding, infertility. obesity. hirsutism, acne.

Treatment of polycystic ovaries using alternative medicine.

As mentioned above, polycystic ovary is an endocrine disease. However, it is important to note that hormonal disorders occurring in polycystic ovaries affect not only the organs of the reproductive system, but all other organs and systems of the body. It is also known that a primary role in the development of polycystic ovaries is played by primary metabolic disorders.

Methods and drugs tianshi used in non-traditional medicine help to normalize the metabolic processes of the body (the exchange of fats, proteins, carbohydrates), restore hormonal balance and favorably affect the centers of regulation of the body’s autonomic functions.

It is important to note the beneficial effects of Bud Tianshi and other baps of alternative medicine in the period of recovery. The use of these drugs along with traditional medicinal products increases the effectiveness of treatment and reduces the recovery period. Preparations of tiansh are highly effective in the prevention of polycystic ovaries, due to their rich content of natural vitamin and biologically active substances.

Treatment of polycystic ovaries with traditional methods.

Treatment of polycystic ovaries has the following objectives.

Normalization of menstrual and reproductive function.

Weight normalization.

Normalization of metabolic processes in the body.

Treatment of endometrial hyperplasia and concomitant diseases of the breast.

Correction of dermatological manifestations of increased androgen content is hirsutism.

Treatment of polycystic ovaries is carried out in several stages. At the first stage, in the presence of obesity, measures are taken to reduce the weight of the patient. Assign a low-calorie diet (up to 2000 kcal per day). The composition of food should be selected in such a way that carbohydrates account for half of the total energy intensity of food, a third for fats, and a fifth for proteins. Vegetable fats should be at least one third of the total amount of fats. The consumption of salty and sharp foods is limited, so does the consumption of salt and water.

In parallel with the diet, appoint daily moderate exercise. Weight loss favorably affects the general condition of the patient, reduces insulin resistance of tissues and blood pressure. The regime of diet and exercise is chosen strictly individually. It is important that the diet and exercise do not exhaust the patient.

At the second stage, the treatment of polycystic or cysts, prescribe a therapy to reduce insulin resistance (especially with unsatisfactory results from the first stage of treatment). For this, the drug Metformin (a group of biguanides) is used. Metformin reduces the resistance of peripheral tissues to insulin, normalizes the metabolism of glucose in adipose tissue, liver and muscles, and also has a positive effect on the lipid profile of the blood: reduces the concentration of atherogenic fractions of lipoproteins (LDL). Duration of the drug varies from 3 to 6 months.

When positive results are achieved from the first and second stages of treatment, cysts or polycystic ovaries (weight loss and insulin resistance) pass to the third stage – stimulation of ovulation. The stimulation of ovulation is carried out with the help of Clomifene. The drug is prescribed for 5 days (from the 5th to the 9th day of the menstrual cycle). The dose of the drug is gradually increased within 3-4 months. A positive result of the treatment of polycystosis with Clomifen is the restoration of regular menstruation, a rise in body temperature in the second half of the menstrual cycle, an increase in the concentration in the blood of progesterone, and the determination of the dominant follicle by ultrasound. In the absence of these signs after 3 months of treatment with Clomifen (maximum dose of 200 mg / day), polycystic therapy is stopped with this drug.

In the treatment of polycystosis Clomiphene should take into account its anti-estrogenic effect. Under the influence of this drug, the production of cervical mucus and the growth of the functional layer of the endometrium are reduced. Therefore, in parallel with Clomiphene prescribe medications containing estrogens. Estrogen preparations prepare the reproductive system of a woman for fertilization and implantation of a fertilized egg. If the function of the yellow body is inadequate in the second half of the menstrual cycle, gestagenic preparations that support the development of pregnancy are prescribed. The effectiveness of this method of treatment reaches 65.

If pregnancy does not occur against the background of the restored menstrual function, you must exclude other causes of infertility (for example, tubal), as well as male infertility.

In the absence of positive results in the treatment of infertility Clomifen, prescribe drugs containing gonadotropin (Pergonal, Humegon). Preparations of this group directly stimulate ovulation. The disadvantages of treatment with gonadotropic drugs include the high risk of multiple pregnancy, as well as the high cost of the treatment itself.

To maintain regular menstrual function and reduce the effect of androgens, prescribe combined estrogen-progestational medications with the addition of antiandrogenic drugs. The most famous representative of this group is the preparation Diane-35, containing the antiandrogenic component Cyproterone acetate. Combined drugs help not only restore menstrual function, but also serve as a means of preventing breast and uterine cancer, the risk of which is significantly increased in polycystic ovaries.

The antiandrogenic component of Diane-35 reduces the manifestations of increased content of androgens – hirsutism, acne, seborrhea. With a pronounced hirsutism, Androkur is prescribed treatment. Also use additional methods of treatment of hypertrichosis – epilation.

Surgical methods for the treatment of polycystic ovaries.

Treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome.

Polycystic ovary syndrome with adrenogenital syndrome is characterized by increased excretion of male sex hormones by the adrenal cortex. In the treatment of this pathology, glucocorticoid drugs (prednisolone, dexamethasone) are used. For additional stimulation of ovulation appoint Clomifene. Also, combined estrogen-progestogen preparations are used to normalize the menstrual cycle. Surgery (wedge resection of the ovaries) in this case is not effective, as it does not eliminate the cause of polycystosis (increased secretion of androgens by the adrenal cortex.

In the syndrome of polycystic ovaries of the central genesis, there is a violation of the function of the nerve centers regulating the reproductive function of the woman. Treatment begins with measures to reduce weight. For the normalization of the menstrual function, oral contraceptive preparations are shown. Wedge-shaped resection of the ovaries is indicated only in the case of the presence of hyperplastic changes in the endometrium.

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