Structural yoga therapy for knock knees

FREE Webinar Yoga Therapy for Structural Issues of the Feet & Knees

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right welcome hey everyone thank you for

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being here we’ll be starting the webinar

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in just a few seconds the reason I put

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these webinars together is because I’ve

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been learning a great deal of anatomy

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and the medical perspective on treating

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different conditions and what I’ve

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noticed is in structural based yoga

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therapy we’ve known for years and have

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incredibly valuable tools and techniques

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that are effective in treating many

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different orthopedic conditions however

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these do not seem to be known outside of

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our yoga therapy circles so I wanted to

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put this information together for you

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and so here we go we are going to I’m

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going to share my screen now so welcome

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and thank you for attending today’s

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webinar I’m honored and thrilled to be

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sharing this topic with you if you have

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any questions please use the chat and I

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will respond at the appropriate time so

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yoga therapy for structural issues of

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the knees and feet that medicine has no

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more relatively no non-invasive cure for

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the topic will be specifically for flat

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feet legs knock knees and me

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hyperextension and so typically the

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medical profession resorts to bracing

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orthotics or surgery whereas in

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structure alignment yoga therapy we have

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principles and techniques that have been

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experimented experientially proven

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effective in addressing these issues for

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many years and this webinar is designed

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for yoga teachers and yoga therapists

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for yoga teachers and therapists in

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training for dedicated yoga

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practitioners and for those who refer

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their patients to yoga such as

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healthcare professionals body workers

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wellness advocates etc and you’re

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perfect for this webinar if you’re

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passionate about working in therapeutic

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capacity and becoming an integral part

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of your clients self healing if you’re

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eager to elevate your hands on skills

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and verbal cueing with therapeutic

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alignment you are in the right place if

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you are ready to transform your personal

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practice and teaching into yoga therapy

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and or if you’re seeking to specialize

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in structural alignment yoga therapy and

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the flow of topics will first cover the

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medical versus structural alignment yoga

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therapy perspectives and some of this

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information will be relevant to all

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future webinars as well which is why I

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started with the feet and knees because

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they are the foundation of the whole

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body

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second we’ll cover the anatomy and

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biomechanics that’s relevant to these

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conditions and third we will go over the

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key structural alignment yoga therapy

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applications and therapeutic reap a

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turning exercises to address these

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conditions which have been implemented

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with great success and I’m just going to

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switch to this version okay this would

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be better so first of all cover the

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medical versus the structure alignment

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yoga therapy perspectives for these

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conditions so the metacognition medical

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definition of flat feet so basically

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this is from giving you the link

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provided here several Tenon’s in your

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foot and lower leg work together to form

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the arches of your foot when the tendons

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all pull the proper amount then your

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foot forms a moderate or normal arch and

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when your tendons are not pulling

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together properly there is little or no

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arch you can see the tendons in that

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image we’ll talk about those a little

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bit more later and the medical test is

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to wet your feet stand on a flat surface

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and look at your footprints

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so before I learn these structure

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alignment yoga therapeutics my foot was

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somewhere between first and second

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degree and now it would be considered

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normal so it’s pretty amazing the common

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medical causes for flat feet abnormality

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present from birth stretched or torn

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tendons damage or inflammation of the

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posterior tibial tendon

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broken our dislocated bones conditions

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such as rheumatoid arthritis and nerve

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problems nerve problems would be because

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the nerve is not conducting to the

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muscle correctly which is not firing and

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supporting the bones other factors would

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be obesity which is going to put excess

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weight into the arches of the feet

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diabetes which will affect the nerves of

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the feet aging which will create some

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kind of degeneration in the bones and

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then pregnancy which there relax and

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hormone through pregnancy creates a lot

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more laxity in the ligaments and the

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excess weight gain will affect the

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arches as well so the medical treatment

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I’ve highlighted certain text you see

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where it’s it’s underlined and then I’ve

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got like a little star and a number

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decided I’m going to look at this a

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little bit later when we look at the

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structural alignment therapeutic

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perspectives and we’ll address each of

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those points in a little bit more detail

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and see how we can address them from

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another from another way from the

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therapeutic way yoga therapeutically

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this treatment for flat feet and fallen

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arches depends on the severity and cause

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of the problem so he cause no pain or

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other difficulties then treatment is

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probably not needed and we’ll discuss

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that a little more later in other words

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your doctor may suggest one or more of

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these treatments rest and ice stretching

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exercises we’ll talk about those a

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little more later as well pain relief

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medications and physical therapy other

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treatments would be orthotic devices

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shoe modifications braces or casts

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injected medications to reduce

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inflammation and a foot or pain or foot

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damage is severe your doctor may

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recommend surgery which may include any

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of the following so these are the

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surgical procedures using the sweater

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ankle bones removing bones or bony

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growths cutting or changing the shape of

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the bones cleaning the tendons adding

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tenants from other parts of the body to

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help balance pull the tendons and then

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grafting bone to your foot to make the

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arch rise more naturally and then

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treatments

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ass is another from Wikipedia so going

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barefoot particularly overtrained such

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as a beach where muscles are given a

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good workout and a medical study in

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India show that flat seat was less

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common and children who grew up wearing

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sandals or slippers versus closed shoes

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and this conclusion may be that

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intrinsic muscle activity of the arch is

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required to prevents the slippers and

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the sandals from falling off the child’s

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foot so close toed Footwear it can be

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detrimental to the development of the

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arch and ligament laxity is also among

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the factors known to be associated with

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flat feet and so here is some medical

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home remedies where Footwear or shoe

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inserts that are appropriate to your

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activity when pain occurs try at home

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treatment of rest ice and

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non-prescription and inflammatory ask

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your doctor or physical therapist to

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show you stretches so we’re going to

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talk about that a little more in detail

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later limit or risk limit or or treat

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risk factors they can make fallen arches

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or flat feet were such as diabetes high

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blood pressure and obesity and avoid

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activities that put excessive stress on

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your feet so now let’s just look at

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quickly the medical coach for knock

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knees bow legs and hyper-extended knees

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so bracing and our surgery treatments

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are recommended for structural

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Commission’s due to an injury or trauma

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cases where a person structural

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condition is causing pain and loss of

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functionality the medical treatment for

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knock knees is basically to correct them

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the entire leg must be treated this is a

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physical therapy approach activating and

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developing the arches waking up the

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outer leg muscles and we’re going to

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talk about that a little bit more from

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from the structural lemon yoga

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perspective it’s a little bit more

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specific than what they’re saying here

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and learning how to move the inner ankle

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bone inwards towards the outer ankle

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bone and upwards towards the knee which

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we will also address a little bit more

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in detail from the structure lemon yoga

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therapy perspective among other things

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we will add and the general treatment

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medical treatment is also working with a

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physical medical specialist such as a

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physio and to improve the outcomes and

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use the leg muscles properly and then

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alternative complementary treatments may

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include certain procedures from Iyengar

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yoga or Feldenkrais which interesting

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and interestingly enough one of the main

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teachers that I learned a lot of this

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from was my young art teacher originally

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and then founded a new sari yoga

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therapeutics which is what a lot of my

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information is based on and evolved from

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and so now for bowlegs generally no

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treatment is required for idiopathic

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presentation meaning no idiopathic means

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known known cause and it’s normal in

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young children so treatment is only

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indicated when it persists beyond 3 and

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1/2 years old in the case of unilateral

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presentation or progressive worsening

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caused by rickets it’s important to

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treat the constitutional disease at the

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same time the caregiver is never to

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place the child on its feet which I

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think it’s pretty controversial because

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we have completely different approach

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and yo instructional I mean yoga therapy

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but we’re just talking about the medical

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perspective right now in many cases this

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is quite submission but it may require

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splints and in older patients either

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from trauma or occupation the only

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permanent treatment is surgery but

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orthopedic bracing may provide relief

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well we know otherwise which we’ll talk

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about a little bit later the medical

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profession offers few options if any for

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treatment of these conditions when a

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person when they are due to a person’s

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normal postural misalignments looks like

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I said earlier they’re only really

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offering bracing or surgery when it

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becomes functionally when they’re when

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it’s affecting the person’s function and

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when there’s a lot of pain but when it’s

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just a normal misalignment but it’s not

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really being addressed ok so now again

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look at those high light

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your points above so here’s those three

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points so first one a flat seat causes

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no pain or other difficulties that

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treatment is probably not needed okay so

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let’s look at it from the structural

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alignment yoga therapy view the

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foundation of the feet of the body the

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feet and arches contributes to the

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alignment of the entire skeleton so no

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pain complaints of the feet or arches

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does not rule out their potential role

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in pain in other areas of the body nor

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does it rule out future issues that may

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be in the process of developing due to

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the flat seat the doctors are not

270
00:11:43,930 –> 00:11:48,519
trained to see the big picture the

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medical scientific view is segmental

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separating the body into its anatomical

273
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parts and systems and be specialized in

274
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either specific segments of the body

275
00:12:01,560 –> 00:12:04,839
specific systems of the body or specific

276
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conditions and it’s not in the MDS scope

277
00:12:10,899 –> 00:12:12,579
of practice to look at how a condition

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00:12:12,579 –> 00:12:14,260
may be related to another commission

279
00:12:14,260 –> 00:12:16,690
once they’ve diagnosed a condition they

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will refer their patient to the

281
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specialist who treats it and so from the

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SI whitey view we consider how all body

283
00:12:27,399 –> 00:12:29,470
parts are interrelated and we recognize

284
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that any segment of the body being out

285
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of alignment well directly and or

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indirectly affect the whole body

287
00:12:37,860 –> 00:12:40,269
we recognize that muscular and

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structural imbalances contribute to

289
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habitual overuse in isolated joints

290
00:12:45,760 –> 00:12:48,370
faulty movement patterns which creates

291
00:12:48,370 –> 00:12:51,130
repetitive micro-trauma leading to

292
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dysfunction and chronic injury for

293
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example postural misalignment

294
00:12:57,730 –> 00:12:59,920
compensations if you have flat feet or

295
00:12:59,920 –> 00:13:01,899
fallen arches this is going to create a

296
00:13:01,899 –> 00:13:04,120
chain reaction from the ground up the

297
00:13:04,120 –> 00:13:06,640
shoes will fall towards the midline and

298
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rotate internally the knee alignment is

299
00:13:09,430 –> 00:13:12,750
altered which puts a strain on the joint

300
00:13:12,750 –> 00:13:14,499
the thigh bones

301
00:13:14,499 –> 00:13:16,509
internally rotate which affects hip

302
00:13:16,509 –> 00:13:22,359
alignment etc so let’s look at now the

303
00:13:22,359 –> 00:13:23,829
second and third point about the

304
00:13:23,829 –> 00:13:26,379
stretching exercises that the medical

305
00:13:26,379 –> 00:13:28,629
profession might prescribe or they wear

306
00:13:28,629 –> 00:13:30,519
that it says to ask your doctor or

307
00:13:30,519 –> 00:13:32,559
physical therapist to show you stretches

308
00:13:32,559 –> 00:13:34,929
that can prepare you for feet intensive

309
00:13:34,929 –> 00:13:39,459
activities so yes they will believe

310
00:13:39,459 –> 00:13:41,889
partially effective but firstly let’s

311
00:13:41,889 –> 00:13:44,559
look at how these points may be a little

312
00:13:44,559 –> 00:13:46,869
bit less effective than what we can

313
00:13:46,869 –> 00:13:49,869
offer so the medical prescribed

314
00:13:49,869 –> 00:13:51,129
stretching and strengthening will be

315
00:13:51,129 –> 00:13:52,809
targeted only for the segments of the

316
00:13:52,809 –> 00:13:55,179
body in question this will not address

317
00:13:55,179 –> 00:13:57,669
the rest of the body that also needs

318
00:13:57,669 –> 00:14:01,239
stretching and strengthening to have an

319
00:14:01,239 –> 00:14:03,399
overall balance in the body first of all

320
00:14:03,399 –> 00:14:05,199
and second to deal with potential

321
00:14:05,199 –> 00:14:08,169
compensation patterns however the good

322
00:14:08,169 –> 00:14:09,579
news is more and more doctors are

323
00:14:09,579 –> 00:14:13,839
recommending yoga to their patients so

324
00:14:13,839 –> 00:14:15,009
the simple stretching and strengthening

325
00:14:15,009 –> 00:14:17,889
will offer success however the success

326
00:14:17,889 –> 00:14:20,799
may be limited because typically these

327
00:14:20,799 –> 00:14:23,379
exercises are done without attention to

328
00:14:23,379 –> 00:14:25,739
or knowledge of optimal alignment

329
00:14:25,739 –> 00:14:28,659
biomechanics stretching and

330
00:14:28,659 –> 00:14:30,159
strengthening is performed within the

331
00:14:30,159 –> 00:14:31,720
context of a person’s habitual

332
00:14:31,720 –> 00:14:34,449
misaligned pattern the same pattern that

333
00:14:34,449 –> 00:14:36,519
created or contributed to the condition

334
00:14:36,519 –> 00:14:38,169
that we are trying to alleviate so note

335
00:14:38,169 –> 00:14:41,799
the alignment of the foot in yoga we

336
00:14:41,799 –> 00:14:45,429
call this alignment of the ankle this

337
00:14:45,429 –> 00:14:47,199
would be sick ‘old like the shape of the

338
00:14:47,199 –> 00:14:49,149
sickle or a blade that you use and in

339
00:14:49,149 –> 00:14:53,309
farming this is not anatomically

340
00:14:53,309 –> 00:14:57,279
biomechanically precise and therapeutic

341
00:14:57,279 –> 00:14:59,529
and can cause misalignments in other

342
00:14:59,529 –> 00:15:01,389
areas of the body and compensation

343
00:15:01,389 –> 00:15:03,699
patterns we’ll talk about that little

344
00:15:03,699 –> 00:15:06,099
bit more later but that’s just a great

345
00:15:06,099 –> 00:15:08,649
example physiotherapy exercises are

346
00:15:08,649 –> 00:15:10,539
segmental and simple without detailed

347
00:15:10,539 –> 00:15:12,219
biomechanics for optimal alignment so

348
00:15:12,219 –> 00:15:13,569
look at the foot on the stairs for

349
00:15:13,569 –> 00:15:15,309
example this is a great exercise it’s

350
00:15:15,309 –> 00:15:17,259
actually one that I recommend to my

351
00:15:17,259 –> 00:15:19,989
patients and clients however the way

352
00:15:19,989 –> 00:15:22,779
that’s being done there is with no

353
00:15:22,779 –> 00:15:25,059
attention to detail and the way we’re

354
00:15:25,059 –> 00:15:25,670
going to be doing

355
00:15:25,670 –> 00:15:27,950
a little bit later you’ll see how we can

356
00:15:27,950 –> 00:15:30,250
refine it and make it a little bit more

357
00:15:30,250 –> 00:15:33,680
effective plus many therapists attest to

358
00:15:33,680 –> 00:15:35,600
the fact that most of their clients do

359
00:15:35,600 –> 00:15:38,030
not perform their exercises regularly if

360
00:15:38,030 –> 00:15:42,490
at all we cannot change our patterns

361
00:15:42,490 –> 00:15:45,440
using the same ways of ways of moving

362
00:15:45,440 –> 00:15:47,810
and operating as we have been the past

363
00:15:47,810 –> 00:15:50,740
or we will continue down the same path

364
00:15:50,740 –> 00:15:53,440
furthermore most people do not have

365
00:15:53,440 –> 00:15:55,850
awareness of what optimal alignment of

366
00:15:55,850 –> 00:15:59,270
their own body actually is nor an idea

367
00:15:59,270 –> 00:16:03,200
of what needs adjusting nor knowledge of

368
00:16:03,200 –> 00:16:06,920
how to adjust it ok so here’s an example

369
00:16:06,920 –> 00:16:08,960
here’s the common stretch for the quads

370
00:16:08,960 –> 00:16:10,970
just as I found that photo up above on

371
00:16:10,970 –> 00:16:13,820
the internet in my structure Lyman yoga

372
00:16:13,820 –> 00:16:15,410
therapy training I give that same

373
00:16:15,410 –> 00:16:18,290
example to show ok here’s how most

374
00:16:18,290 –> 00:16:20,420
people do this stretch they sickle their

375
00:16:20,420 –> 00:16:23,360
foot and then I have in the actual

376
00:16:23,360 –> 00:16:25,550
training this text here if the foot is

377
00:16:25,550 –> 00:16:27,680
sick old this misaligns the ligaments

378
00:16:27,680 –> 00:16:29,480
and tendons on the inner and outer foot

379
00:16:29,480 –> 00:16:32,690
and ankle as we stretch the quads this

380
00:16:32,690 –> 00:16:35,680
pulls unevenly and evenly on the

381
00:16:35,680 –> 00:16:38,720
ligaments and tendons of the knee which

382
00:16:38,720 –> 00:16:42,530
can cause pain or strain and we’re also

383
00:16:42,530 –> 00:16:44,120
putting a block between these for

384
00:16:44,120 –> 00:16:46,160
various reasons which I can explain

385
00:16:46,160 –> 00:16:48,970
later

386
00:16:48,970 –> 00:16:51,590
instructor lineman yoga therapy we align

387
00:16:51,590 –> 00:16:53,390
and activate the foot so you can see the

388
00:16:53,390 –> 00:16:54,770
picture the foot here looks quite

389
00:16:54,770 –> 00:16:57,250
different and we line in such a way that

390
00:16:57,250 –> 00:16:59,510
transforms a simple stretch into a

391
00:16:59,510 –> 00:17:01,670
powerful therapeutic actions rather than

392
00:17:01,670 –> 00:17:03,800
just stretching the quads we can have a

393
00:17:03,800 –> 00:17:05,450
positive effect on the arches of the

394
00:17:05,450 –> 00:17:07,670
feet the ankles shins and the knee joint

395
00:17:07,670 –> 00:17:13,099
itself and instruction alignment yoga

396
00:17:13,099 –> 00:17:15,650
therapy we coorporate some osteopathic

397
00:17:15,650 –> 00:17:19,609
principles so the osteopathic philosophy

398
00:17:19,609 –> 00:17:22,329
treatment is based on three tenets which

399
00:17:22,329 –> 00:17:25,069
summarize the holistic si whitey

400
00:17:25,069 –> 00:17:27,829
perspective perfectly the first one is

401
00:17:27,829 –> 00:17:30,410
the body is unit the person is a unit of

402
00:17:30,410 –> 00:17:32,390
body mind and spirit this is a

403
00:17:32,390 –> 00:17:33,950
recognition that we are physical

404
00:17:33,950 –> 00:17:36,230
emotional and spiritual beings and each

405
00:17:36,230 –> 00:17:39,540
aspect affects the other

406
00:17:39,540 –> 00:17:42,240
the second of the three tenets the body

407
00:17:42,240 –> 00:17:44,760
is a self regulating self healing and

408
00:17:44,760 –> 00:17:49,080
health maintenance organism the body

409
00:17:49,080 –> 00:17:51,720
isn’t infinitely intelligent and knows

410
00:17:51,720 –> 00:17:54,270
how to heal itself nature is designed

411
00:17:54,270 –> 00:17:58,620
for homeostasis therefore a holistic si

412
00:17:58,620 –> 00:18:01,580
Y T approach supports the body and

413
00:18:01,580 –> 00:18:04,560
assists by setting up the circumstances

414
00:18:04,560 –> 00:18:07,730
for self healing the body does the rest

415
00:18:07,730 –> 00:18:10,080
especially if you’re actually doing the

416
00:18:10,080 –> 00:18:13,350
exercises and this is in contrast to the

417
00:18:13,350 –> 00:18:15,120
medical approach that is based on the

418
00:18:15,120 –> 00:18:17,070
premise that drugs and intervention are

419
00:18:17,070 –> 00:18:20,910
required to effect a cure and for the

420
00:18:20,910 –> 00:18:22,470
record I just want to be clear that I

421
00:18:22,470 –> 00:18:24,630
believe in and I’m grateful for medical

422
00:18:24,630 –> 00:18:26,310
instrument intervention and drugs in

423
00:18:26,310 –> 00:18:28,470
certain circumstances when they are

424
00:18:28,470 –> 00:18:30,600
absolutely called for however there are

425
00:18:30,600 –> 00:18:32,840
many cases that in my humble opinion

426
00:18:32,840 –> 00:18:34,920
alternative treatment may be more

427
00:18:34,920 –> 00:18:39,360
effective and preferable and the third

428
00:18:39,360 –> 00:18:41,100
of the three tenets is structure and

429
00:18:41,100 –> 00:18:43,110
function are reciprocally interrelated

430
00:18:43,110 –> 00:18:45,480
structure affects function and vice

431
00:18:45,480 –> 00:18:48,090
versa for example if we alter the shape

432
00:18:48,090 –> 00:18:50,730
of our rib cage and posture this changes

433
00:18:50,730 –> 00:18:52,910
the function of our lungs and breathing

434
00:18:52,910 –> 00:18:55,290
likewise if we change the way we breathe

435
00:18:55,290 –> 00:18:57,660
our ribs and the surrounding tissues and

436
00:18:57,660 –> 00:19:02,010
posture will change accordingly so

437
00:19:02,010 –> 00:19:04,560
similar to the first tenant the body is

438
00:19:04,560 –> 00:19:06,000
a year to the body-mind-spirit

439
00:19:06,000 –> 00:19:07,980
in structural alignment yoga therapy we

440
00:19:07,980 –> 00:19:09,720
have what’s called the rubber band

441
00:19:09,720 –> 00:19:13,170
effect after we just the body towards

442
00:19:13,170 –> 00:19:14,730
optimal alignment in a person that has

443
00:19:14,730 –> 00:19:16,860
held a pattern of misaligned posture or

444
00:19:16,860 –> 00:19:19,710
an injury for so long it may not hold or

445
00:19:19,710 –> 00:19:22,380
it may hold temporarily and then spring

446
00:19:22,380 –> 00:19:24,600
back to its original position like a

447
00:19:24,600 –> 00:19:28,020
rubber band in this rubber band effect

448
00:19:28,020 –> 00:19:29,670
may be divided into two important

449
00:19:29,670 –> 00:19:32,670
factors science and subtle so the

450
00:19:32,670 –> 00:19:34,500
science the first one musculoskeletal

451
00:19:34,500 –> 00:19:38,310
and fate fascial patterning our patterns

452
00:19:38,310 –> 00:19:40,440
are deeply engraved into the fabric of

453
00:19:40,440 –> 00:19:43,350
our connective tissue and then the more

454
00:19:43,350 –> 00:19:45,810
subtle the psycho-emotional factors our

455
00:19:45,810 –> 00:19:48,630
patterns are firmly rooted into our

456
00:19:48,630 –> 00:19:52,980
personality and self-image the cycle

457
00:19:52,980 –> 00:19:55,710
chill factor’s also considers causes for

458
00:19:55,710 –> 00:19:57,830
the rubber band effect such as

459
00:19:57,830 –> 00:20:01,290
insecurity the newly adjusted person

460
00:20:01,290 –> 00:20:03,919
feels they are in uncharted territory

461
00:20:03,919 –> 00:20:07,020
the physical shift does not yet match

462
00:20:07,020 –> 00:20:09,600
their inner self so I found this really

463
00:20:09,600 –> 00:20:14,220
cool image on Google and it’s iida

464
00:20:14,220 –> 00:20:16,679
circled the key points here so you can

465
00:20:16,679 –> 00:20:19,380
see the person on the left their posture

466
00:20:19,380 –> 00:20:22,290
is really showing you know somebody

467
00:20:22,290 –> 00:20:23,970
who’s very timid and shy and maybe

468
00:20:23,970 –> 00:20:26,040
anxious and then the posture on the

469
00:20:26,040 –> 00:20:27,720
right is somebody who is more confident

470
00:20:27,720 –> 00:20:30,059
so this is you know the how the posture

471
00:20:30,059 –> 00:20:33,480
really goes with the inner self and vice

472
00:20:33,480 –> 00:20:37,410
versa and the psycho-emotional factors

473
00:20:37,410 –> 00:20:39,540
for the rubberband effect also can be

474
00:20:39,540 –> 00:20:41,340
attachment their Commission is part of

475
00:20:41,340 –> 00:20:43,410
their identity and how they present

476
00:20:43,410 –> 00:20:46,260
themselves socially their limitation may

477
00:20:46,260 –> 00:20:50,760
be providing a payoff in some way so

478
00:20:50,760 –> 00:20:52,169
while it’s not in our scope of practice

479
00:20:52,169 –> 00:20:54,299
to address psycho-emotional factors as

480
00:20:54,299 –> 00:20:57,480
yoga teachers yoga therapists we are

481
00:20:57,480 –> 00:20:59,400
mindful that if the client is seeking

482
00:20:59,400 –> 00:21:01,559
yoga therapy it indicates they’re open

483
00:21:01,559 –> 00:21:05,070
to change and it’s as important to work

484
00:21:05,070 –> 00:21:06,929
with the clients inner body uplifting

485
00:21:06,929 –> 00:21:08,700
their spirit as working with their outer

486
00:21:08,700 –> 00:21:12,179
physical body and that when treating

487
00:21:12,179 –> 00:21:13,559
very old patterns we need to make

488
00:21:13,559 –> 00:21:17,730
gradual slow progress and number for

489
00:21:17,730 –> 00:21:19,110
that it’s important to stay within the

490
00:21:19,110 –> 00:21:21,120
clients comfort zone emotionally and

491
00:21:21,120 –> 00:21:24,690
physically and one thing that we can do

492
00:21:24,690 –> 00:21:26,040
that the medical professionals just

493
00:21:26,040 –> 00:21:28,320
typically do not have time for and it’s

494
00:21:28,320 –> 00:21:30,120
not necessarily built into their scope

495
00:21:30,120 –> 00:21:32,970
of practice we can uplift our clients we

496
00:21:32,970 –> 00:21:34,200
can speak to our clients with

497
00:21:34,200 –> 00:21:36,840
loving-kindness we can be confident in

498
00:21:36,840 –> 00:21:38,700
the therapeutic power our of our

499
00:21:38,700 –> 00:21:41,429
methodology and we can share our belief

500
00:21:41,429 –> 00:21:45,600
in their ability to transform in

501
00:21:45,600 –> 00:21:47,780
structural alignment your therapy and

502
00:21:47,780 –> 00:21:50,610
Osteopathy we recognize Wolff’s law and

503
00:21:50,610 –> 00:21:53,900
this is developed by German anatomist

504
00:21:53,900 –> 00:21:56,429
Julius Wolff in the 1800s and this

505
00:21:56,429 –> 00:21:58,380
state’s bone in the healthy person or

506
00:21:58,380 –> 00:22:00,750
animal will adapt to the loads under

507
00:22:00,750 –> 00:22:02,549
which displaced so this is very

508
00:22:02,549 –> 00:22:04,260
important to understand

509
00:22:04,260 –> 00:22:06,030
for us a structural alignment yoga

510
00:22:06,030 –> 00:22:07,620
therapists and I will explain why in

511
00:22:07,620 –> 00:22:12,540
more detail the Wolf’s law dictates that

512
00:22:12,540 –> 00:22:14,220
if loading on a particular bone

513
00:22:14,220 –> 00:22:17,429
increases the bone will remodel itself

514
00:22:17,429 –> 00:22:19,740
over time to become stronger to resist

515
00:22:19,740 –> 00:22:22,679
that sort of loading bones and soft

516
00:22:22,679 –> 00:22:26,010
tissue tends to deform or you could say

517
00:22:26,010 –> 00:22:29,429
form along lines of force placed upon

518
00:22:29,429 –> 00:22:34,530
them so here’s an example like the the

519
00:22:34,530 –> 00:22:36,600
picture I I hide I highlighted and

520
00:22:36,600 –> 00:22:39,510
expanded it and you can see the hip bone

521
00:22:39,510 –> 00:22:42,090
on the left that I’ve circled has an

522
00:22:42,090 –> 00:22:45,990
almost like a octagonal shape and the

523
00:22:45,990 –> 00:22:48,090
hip bone on the right is a much more

524
00:22:48,090 –> 00:22:52,020
circular shape so just from that alone

525
00:22:52,020 –> 00:22:54,090
you know we think our right and left

526
00:22:54,090 –> 00:22:55,799
sides of our body are absolutely the

527
00:22:55,799 –> 00:22:59,549
same we are completely asymmetrical not

528
00:22:59,549 –> 00:23:01,650
completely but we are I mean we are

529
00:23:01,650 –> 00:23:04,919
asymmetrical we’re not two completely

530
00:23:04,919 –> 00:23:07,110
different people but we can be quite

531
00:23:07,110 –> 00:23:08,910
different on the right and left sides of

532
00:23:08,910 –> 00:23:10,410
our body just do that test where you put

533
00:23:10,410 –> 00:23:12,870
a mirror to half of your face and you’ll

534
00:23:12,870 –> 00:23:13,980
see you look like two different people

535
00:23:13,980 –> 00:23:16,230
well all of our bones on our right and

536
00:23:16,230 –> 00:23:17,910
left so from the feet all the way up to

537
00:23:17,910 –> 00:23:20,280
the head are kind of asymmetrical that

538
00:23:20,280 –> 00:23:23,490
way here’s another example I found it’s

539
00:23:23,490 –> 00:23:24,870
not related to the feet but I couldn’t

540
00:23:24,870 –> 00:23:27,900
find one that showed this well for the

541
00:23:27,900 –> 00:23:29,549
feet but it just highlights the point

542
00:23:29,549 –> 00:23:30,540
that I’m trying to make about the

543
00:23:30,540 –> 00:23:33,090
asymmetries in our body so if you look

544
00:23:33,090 –> 00:23:35,820
at the person’s to our left of the

545
00:23:35,820 –> 00:23:38,309
screen but their right shoulder you can

546
00:23:38,309 –> 00:23:41,870
see the space between the clavicle and

547
00:23:41,870 –> 00:23:45,000
the top of the scapula and the top of

548
00:23:45,000 –> 00:23:46,380
their arm bone at the top of the humerus

549
00:23:46,380 –> 00:23:48,900
is quite a big space there whereas on

550
00:23:48,900 –> 00:23:50,730
their left shoulder to the right side of

551
00:23:50,730 –> 00:23:54,380
our screen there’s hardly any space and

552
00:23:54,380 –> 00:23:56,940
so you can imagine how we know if they

553
00:23:56,940 –> 00:23:58,470
raise their arms up over their head

554
00:23:58,470 –> 00:24:00,419
there’s it’s gonna feel different on the

555
00:24:00,419 –> 00:24:03,390
right and left sides and then if you

556
00:24:03,390 –> 00:24:04,830
look at the sternum which I’ve circled

557
00:24:04,830 –> 00:24:08,040
in the center here you can see how their

558
00:24:08,040 –> 00:24:10,980
sternum at the bottom tip it kind of

559
00:24:10,980 –> 00:24:15,059
curves to their right oh this is pretty

560
00:24:15,059 –> 00:24:17,250
fascinating and I don’t know if you can

561
00:24:17,250 –> 00:24:18,000
actually see

562
00:24:18,000 –> 00:24:22,800
I’ve put my mouse here so this bone

563
00:24:22,800 –> 00:24:25,230
right here this protrusion on their

564
00:24:25,230 –> 00:24:31,070
humerus is quite prominent compared to

565
00:24:31,070 –> 00:24:34,710
the left side where it’s more smooth and

566
00:24:34,710 –> 00:24:37,530
flat it doesn’t sort of jut out as much

567
00:24:37,530 –> 00:24:41,310
so this is where the pectoral muscles

568
00:24:41,310 –> 00:24:43,320
and different muscles are attaching and

569
00:24:43,320 –> 00:24:46,050
you can see how the pectoral muscles

570
00:24:46,050 –> 00:24:48,000
also attach along to the ribs here so

571
00:24:48,000 –> 00:24:50,820
that you know if you go back to that

572
00:24:50,820 –> 00:24:54,150
slide where you see that tennis player

573
00:24:54,150 –> 00:24:56,370
for example and he’s gonna be using his

574
00:24:56,370 –> 00:24:59,580
right arm way more than his left arm so

575
00:24:59,580 –> 00:25:02,520
that’s his sternum and that tubercle on

576
00:25:02,520 –> 00:25:04,470
his humerus are going to develop a lot

577
00:25:04,470 –> 00:25:07,380
more due to that additional stress and

578
00:25:07,380 –> 00:25:09,030
the fact that the pectoral muscle is

579
00:25:09,030 –> 00:25:12,930
working so much more than on the left

580
00:25:12,930 –> 00:25:14,610
side so it just gives you an example of

581
00:25:14,610 –> 00:25:17,130
wolfs law and it’s really good for us to

582
00:25:17,130 –> 00:25:20,100
understand that going forward to you

583
00:25:20,100 –> 00:25:22,020
know to look at all the material we’re

584
00:25:22,020 –> 00:25:23,420
going to be covering

585
00:25:23,420 –> 00:25:25,890
so whereas instructor alignment yoga

586
00:25:25,890 –> 00:25:29,180
therapy it’s built on the so compared to

587
00:25:29,180 –> 00:25:32,520
the medical profession which does not

588
00:25:32,520 –> 00:25:36,510
really have any expectation of or

589
00:25:36,510 –> 00:25:38,850
intention that they can really transform

590
00:25:38,850 –> 00:25:42,540
their clients with anything other than

591
00:25:42,540 –> 00:25:46,230
bracing or surgery or intervention the

592
00:25:46,230 –> 00:25:48,060
whole model of structure alignment yoga

593
00:25:48,060 –> 00:25:50,340
therapy is built upon the expectation

594
00:25:50,340 –> 00:25:52,770
the intention and the knowledge that the

595
00:25:52,770 –> 00:25:54,960
client with the support and guidance of

596
00:25:54,960 –> 00:25:57,990
their structural yoga therapist can

597
00:25:57,990 –> 00:26:00,960
transform their condition and we’re

598
00:26:00,960 –> 00:26:04,200
utilizing specialized exercises that

599
00:26:04,200 –> 00:26:06,690
have the potential and power to affect

600
00:26:06,690 –> 00:26:09,660
significant structural changes and which

601
00:26:09,660 –> 00:26:11,400
are designed to balance and treat each

602
00:26:11,400 –> 00:26:12,810
individual patient’s unique

603
00:26:12,810 –> 00:26:17,550
musculoskeletal pattern and

604
00:26:17,550 –> 00:26:19,140
instructional I mean your therapy we

605
00:26:19,140 –> 00:26:21,390
incorporate detailed my own biomechanics

606
00:26:21,390 –> 00:26:24,600
for optimal alignment and we address the

607
00:26:24,600 –> 00:26:27,030
affected segments of the body as well as

608
00:26:27,030 –> 00:26:27,950
the whole body

609
00:26:27,950 –> 00:26:31,459
including a compensation pattern

610
00:26:31,459 –> 00:26:33,779
this is a cool exercise which I’ll talk

611
00:26:33,779 –> 00:26:37,169
about later instructor Lyman you’re the

612
00:26:37,169 –> 00:26:38,879
therapist we provide a unique form of

613
00:26:38,879 –> 00:26:40,559
yoga therapy that blends science with

614
00:26:40,559 –> 00:26:41,129
the subtle

615
00:26:41,129 –> 00:26:43,229
anatomy and biomechanics with the

616
00:26:43,229 –> 00:26:47,279
affirmation of the human spirit and we

617
00:26:47,279 –> 00:26:49,349
are confident in the knowledge that the

618
00:26:49,349 –> 00:26:51,379
structural I’m in yoga therapy

619
00:26:51,379 –> 00:26:55,109
comprehensive methodology heals the body

620
00:26:55,109 –> 00:26:57,690
of physical injuries reduces recovery

621
00:26:57,690 –> 00:27:00,239
time from injuries and prevent injuries

622
00:27:00,239 –> 00:27:03,959
from reoccurring and that’s because the

623
00:27:03,959 –> 00:27:06,269
musculoskeletal patterns are firing in a

624
00:27:06,269 –> 00:27:10,499
much more off – away so what makes it

625
00:27:10,499 –> 00:27:12,690
what makes sa ‘wipeys transformational

626
00:27:12,690 –> 00:27:15,659
is the therapeutic alignment principles

627
00:27:15,659 –> 00:27:20,209
that transform the body towards optimal

628
00:27:20,719 –> 00:27:22,829
specialized stretching and strengthen

629
00:27:22,829 –> 00:27:24,959
the exercises are designed to transform

630
00:27:24,959 –> 00:27:29,459
the musculoskeletal matrix and with

631
00:27:29,459 –> 00:27:31,559
focused activation of targeted muscle

632
00:27:31,559 –> 00:27:34,289
groups and fascial patterns there’s a

633
00:27:34,289 –> 00:27:38,549
gradual and complete shift okay so we’re

634
00:27:38,549 –> 00:27:39,959
gonna look a little bit more now into

635
00:27:39,959 –> 00:27:44,039
the anatomy and biomechanics so first

636
00:27:44,039 –> 00:27:46,979
we’ll talk about the flat seat and so

637
00:27:46,979 –> 00:27:48,809
we’re not going to do a lot of an Avenue

638
00:27:48,809 –> 00:27:51,059
just what’s relevant to discuss you know

639
00:27:51,059 –> 00:27:53,579
the therapeutics really so the feet have

640
00:27:53,579 –> 00:27:55,199
many bones and complexity and

641
00:27:55,199 –> 00:27:57,179
misalignment and in part of the foot

642
00:27:57,179 –> 00:27:59,729
traits a chain-reaction misalignment

643
00:27:59,729 –> 00:28:01,379
through the whole foot and also the

644
00:28:01,379 –> 00:28:04,379
whole posture is dependent upon and

645
00:28:04,379 –> 00:28:06,839
affected by the feet so you know any

646
00:28:06,839 –> 00:28:08,159
misalignment anywhere it’s gonna affect

647
00:28:08,159 –> 00:28:11,249
the whole body flat feet could turnout

648
00:28:11,249 –> 00:28:13,169
which can cause the pronation in the in

649
00:28:13,169 –> 00:28:15,509
the feet and this will put strain on the

650
00:28:15,509 –> 00:28:17,669
ligaments and tendons that support the

651
00:28:17,669 –> 00:28:19,679
arch of the foot and ankle and may cause

652
00:28:19,679 –> 00:28:21,239
the bones to collapse which will lead to

653
00:28:21,239 –> 00:28:24,869
heel pain or heel spurs ankle knee hip

654
00:28:24,869 –> 00:28:27,329
and pelvic pain from misaligned joints

655
00:28:27,329 –> 00:28:31,049
lower back pain from the inability to

656
00:28:31,049 –> 00:28:33,239
absorb shock properly and arthritis

657
00:28:33,239 –> 00:28:36,989
which may develop over time each foot

658
00:28:36,989 –> 00:28:38,969
has 26 bones which is a quarter of the

659
00:28:38,969 –> 00:28:41,729
bones of the human body has 33 joints

660
00:28:41,729 –> 00:28:42,570
and more than 100

661
00:28:42,570 –> 00:28:47,850
muscles and tendons so we have seven

662
00:28:47,850 –> 00:28:51,019
tarsals and it’s important to note the

663
00:28:51,019 –> 00:28:55,620
medial cuneiform right here so these are

664
00:28:55,620 –> 00:28:57,179
your tarsal bones these are your

665
00:28:57,179 –> 00:28:59,340
metatarsals and these are your phalanges

666
00:28:59,340 –> 00:29:01,440
or your toes so the medial cuneiform is

667
00:29:01,440 –> 00:29:04,679
the highest point of the main arch and

668
00:29:04,679 –> 00:29:06,539
we’ll be talking about that a little bit

669
00:29:06,539 –> 00:29:10,799
more later so here’s our artist so the

670
00:29:10,799 –> 00:29:12,419
two distinct arced is the main one is

671
00:29:12,419 –> 00:29:14,039
the medial and the lateral so the inner

672
00:29:14,039 –> 00:29:15,929
foot and the outer foot and then the

673
00:29:15,929 –> 00:29:18,419
transverse arch which is across point A

674
00:29:18,419 –> 00:29:20,879
to B here some people don’t really

675
00:29:20,879 –> 00:29:24,840
recognize it as a true arch but for our

676
00:29:24,840 –> 00:29:27,149
purposes the main one between a and C

677
00:29:27,149 –> 00:29:28,950
the medial arch is the most important

678
00:29:28,950 –> 00:29:31,820
that’s one we’ll be addressing mostly

679
00:29:31,820 –> 00:29:34,379
but we but the lateral arch is also

680
00:29:34,379 –> 00:29:36,059
affected by our both the therapeutics

681
00:29:36,059 –> 00:29:37,279
we’re going to be covering is also

682
00:29:37,279 –> 00:29:41,009
effective for the lateral arch so let’s

683
00:29:41,009 –> 00:29:42,809
bring back the Wilkes loc so the bones

684
00:29:42,809 –> 00:29:44,639
will develop based on the tension and

685
00:29:44,639 –> 00:29:46,590
load placed upon them therefore the

686
00:29:46,590 –> 00:29:48,870
tarsal bones will develop according to

687
00:29:48,870 –> 00:29:51,409
the shape of the adjacent bones and

688
00:29:51,409 –> 00:29:54,090
according to the strength and resiliency

689
00:29:54,090 –> 00:29:56,220
of or lack thereof the tissues

690
00:29:56,220 –> 00:29:58,019
supporting the bone so here you can see

691
00:29:58,019 –> 00:30:01,679
that medial arch again and there’s that

692
00:30:01,679 –> 00:30:04,289
most the height that you’ve got the the

693
00:30:04,289 –> 00:30:06,600
the heel the calcaneus the talus which

694
00:30:06,600 –> 00:30:09,389
is what the shin bone sits on top of the

695
00:30:09,389 –> 00:30:11,429
navicular and the cuneiform and then

696
00:30:11,429 –> 00:30:13,049
your metatarsals and phalanges that’s

697
00:30:13,049 –> 00:30:14,309
your medial arch and then the lateral

698
00:30:14,309 –> 00:30:16,559
side you’ve got the cuboid the most

699
00:30:16,559 –> 00:30:19,230
lateral cuboid and the calcaneus and

700
00:30:19,230 –> 00:30:23,730
then the metatarsals and so due to the

701
00:30:23,730 –> 00:30:26,190
total body’s weight being loaded on the

702
00:30:26,190 –> 00:30:28,350
feet the bones of the arch require

703
00:30:28,350 –> 00:30:29,909
reinforcement to prevent it from

704
00:30:29,909 –> 00:30:31,889
collapsing in addition the arch needs a

705
00:30:31,889 –> 00:30:34,230
certain degree of flexibility in order

706
00:30:34,230 –> 00:30:37,110
to provide shock absorption and to allow

707
00:30:37,110 –> 00:30:39,149
the sole of the foot to conform itself

708
00:30:39,149 –> 00:30:41,580
to the shape of uneven surfaces like

709
00:30:41,580 –> 00:30:43,590
walking on rocks or sand or anything

710
00:30:43,590 –> 00:30:45,240
like that so this sheet the feet have to

711
00:30:45,240 –> 00:30:47,610
be very mobile and again very strong and

712
00:30:47,610 –> 00:30:51,360
and supportive at the same time so this

713
00:30:51,360 –> 00:30:53,159
additional support and flexibility is

714
00:30:53,159 –> 00:30:55,420
provided by muscles ligaments and ten

715
00:30:55,420 –> 00:30:58,030
on the plantar surface which is the sole

716
00:30:58,030 –> 00:31:00,100
of the foot that provide tensile

717
00:31:00,100 –> 00:31:03,750
strength combined with elasticity so

718
00:31:03,750 –> 00:31:07,690
here’s the the main plant our fashion at

719
00:31:07,690 –> 00:31:08,980
the bottom and that we have these

720
00:31:08,980 –> 00:31:10,900
important ligaments that help to support

721
00:31:10,900 –> 00:31:12,330
which we’ll talk about a little bit more

722
00:31:12,330 –> 00:31:17,680
depth later I’ve circled in flexor

723
00:31:17,680 –> 00:31:20,560
hallucis longus is this one right here

724
00:31:20,560 –> 00:31:23,920
and then I go and then we’ve got the

725
00:31:23,920 –> 00:31:27,430
flexor digitorum longus that goes under

726
00:31:27,430 –> 00:31:30,310
here and then you’ve got as I said

727
00:31:30,310 –> 00:31:31,840
you’ve got the plantar you about the

728
00:31:31,840 –> 00:31:36,250
long plantar ligament and you’ve got the

729
00:31:36,250 –> 00:31:40,570
plantar aponeurosis here okay so now

730
00:31:40,570 –> 00:31:41,980
we’re gonna look at its cool image I

731
00:31:41,980 –> 00:31:44,830
found and this shows the different

732
00:31:44,830 –> 00:31:46,390
aspects of how we can begin an arch

733
00:31:46,390 –> 00:31:48,970
structurally which is really cool so

734
00:31:48,970 –> 00:31:50,440
that you’ve got the key stone right here

735
00:31:50,440 –> 00:31:53,710
and that would be the talus bone which

736
00:31:53,710 –> 00:31:55,060
is the one like I said the shin bone

737
00:31:55,060 –> 00:31:58,570
sits right on top of here and then the

738
00:31:58,570 –> 00:32:00,040
steeple so this is holding from

739
00:32:00,040 –> 00:32:03,010
underneath the staples would be your

740
00:32:03,010 –> 00:32:05,260
short plantar ligament your long plantar

741
00:32:05,260 –> 00:32:08,310
ligament and the calcaneal navicular

742
00:32:08,310 –> 00:32:12,820
ligament which is right there and then

743
00:32:12,820 –> 00:32:14,650
you’ve got a tie beam which comes and

744
00:32:14,650 –> 00:32:16,870
holds across this is your flexor

745
00:32:16,870 –> 00:32:19,450
hallucis longus 7-1 that I showed you

746
00:32:19,450 –> 00:32:22,000
earlier it’s thinner image here and then

747
00:32:22,000 –> 00:32:23,890
suspension from above would be your

748
00:32:23,890 –> 00:32:27,040
peroneus longus tendon so that’s it from

749
00:32:27,040 –> 00:32:31,210
the lateral side and so then the main

750
00:32:31,210 –> 00:32:32,950
muscles that assists for the arch are

751
00:32:32,950 –> 00:32:35,530
the tibialis anterior so here is your

752
00:32:35,530 –> 00:32:38,020
tibialis anterior and that actually

753
00:32:38,020 –> 00:32:39,790
comes from the lateral side of the shin

754
00:32:39,790 –> 00:32:42,040
bone but it comes and crosses over to

755
00:32:42,040 –> 00:32:44,100
the medial side your peroneus longus

756
00:32:44,100 –> 00:32:46,480
which comes and stays on the lateral

757
00:32:46,480 –> 00:32:50,890
side and then your your tendon of the

758
00:32:50,890 –> 00:32:56,670
extensor hallucis longus and then the

759
00:32:56,670 –> 00:32:59,560
extensors and flexors of the of the feet

760
00:32:59,560 –> 00:33:02,110
themselves okay so here’s another great

761
00:33:02,110 –> 00:33:04,210
indigo found on Google tendons of the

762
00:33:04,210 –> 00:33:05,980
muscles that attach under the foot and

763
00:33:05,980 –> 00:33:08,380
support the arches so here is your

764
00:33:08,380 –> 00:33:10,660
tibialis anterior so it comes across as

765
00:33:10,660 –> 00:33:12,520
I said it comes along into the medial

766
00:33:12,520 –> 00:33:14,500
and then you’ve got your tibialis

767
00:33:14,500 –> 00:33:18,820
posterior and they both attach right

768
00:33:18,820 –> 00:33:20,500
here at that medial cuneiform that we

769
00:33:20,500 –> 00:33:23,620
looked at and your flexor digitorum

770
00:33:23,620 –> 00:33:25,840
longus so that’s coming along here and

771
00:33:25,840 –> 00:33:29,620
then your flexor hallucis longus which

772
00:33:29,620 –> 00:33:31,600
is your flexor hallucis your hallucis is

773
00:33:31,600 –> 00:33:33,910
your big toe and the digitorum are the

774
00:33:33,910 –> 00:33:38,200
other four toes so here’s another great

775
00:33:38,200 –> 00:33:41,500
image thank god for google fibularis

776
00:33:41,500 –> 00:33:43,960
longus so that’s the also peroneal and

777
00:33:43,960 –> 00:33:45,790
fibularis is the same word just an

778
00:33:45,790 –> 00:33:47,470
anatomy at some point they decided to

779
00:33:47,470 –> 00:33:50,110
give it another word so that comes along

780
00:33:50,110 –> 00:33:51,700
the lateral side so this will help to

781
00:33:51,700 –> 00:33:53,440
lift the lateral arch and then you’ve

782
00:33:53,440 –> 00:33:55,240
got all the others that help to lift

783
00:33:55,240 –> 00:34:00,130
along the medial arch okay so here’s

784
00:34:00,130 –> 00:34:02,350
another concept that is quite unique to

785
00:34:02,350 –> 00:34:06,520
yoga at least I thought it was and I

786
00:34:06,520 –> 00:34:09,489
will explain this from two perspectives

787
00:34:09,489 –> 00:34:11,350
so the feet are the foundation of our

788
00:34:11,350 –> 00:34:12,940
body temple this is something we talk

789
00:34:12,940 –> 00:34:14,530
about all the time and yoga the body is

790
00:34:14,530 –> 00:34:16,330
temple but we’re going to actually look

791
00:34:16,330 –> 00:34:18,340
at this structurally as well as sort of

792
00:34:18,340 –> 00:34:20,710
metaphysical you know spiritual

793
00:34:20,710 –> 00:34:24,149
esoterically so when we lift our toes

794
00:34:24,149 –> 00:34:27,639
this lifts the diaphragms and the domes

795
00:34:27,639 –> 00:34:31,540
of our body so here’s a great image I

796
00:34:31,540 –> 00:34:34,929
found of toes flat and then you see the

797
00:34:34,929 –> 00:34:36,280
difference when the toes are lifted how

798
00:34:36,280 –> 00:34:42,570
the arch lifts so what I discovered in

799
00:34:42,570 –> 00:34:46,449
in Osteopathy is we have a really cool

800
00:34:46,449 –> 00:34:49,449
teacher who has a vast amount of

801
00:34:49,449 –> 00:34:52,199
information from from very many

802
00:34:52,199 –> 00:34:54,639
modalities and she explained to us how

803
00:34:54,639 –> 00:34:56,949
the body has eight diaphragms this is

804
00:34:56,949 –> 00:34:58,840
something that’s not really well known

805
00:34:58,840 –> 00:35:03,670
or taught in in many circles but and I

806
00:35:03,670 –> 00:35:05,200
couldn’t even find a Google image for

807
00:35:05,200 –> 00:35:06,910
these eight diaphragms but the closest

808
00:35:06,910 –> 00:35:09,130
thing I could find were the major and

809
00:35:09,130 –> 00:35:11,230
minor chakras but they actually

810
00:35:11,230 –> 00:35:13,150
correspond to the diaphragm we’re

811
00:35:13,150 –> 00:35:14,890
talking about physical diaphragms not

812
00:35:14,890 –> 00:35:17,790
just the energy centers of the chakras

813
00:35:17,790 –> 00:35:20,860
so here’s our chakras image again but

814
00:35:20,860 –> 00:35:22,180
these eight diaphragm

815
00:35:22,180 –> 00:35:26,559
are the arches of the feet start from

816
00:35:26,559 –> 00:35:31,630
the ground up the knee so the knee

817
00:35:31,630 –> 00:35:34,030
joined itself is it is another diaphragm

818
00:35:34,030 –> 00:35:36,700
the actual pelvic diaphragm which we

819
00:35:36,700 –> 00:35:38,020
know as the pelvic floor is another

820
00:35:38,020 –> 00:35:40,780
diaphragm the main thoracoabdominal the

821
00:35:40,780 –> 00:35:43,420
respiratory diaphragm that we know which

822
00:35:43,420 –> 00:35:46,390
is the you know under the ribcage and

823
00:35:46,390 –> 00:35:48,430
then we have what’s called the thoracic

824
00:35:48,430 –> 00:35:51,670
Inlet and that’s you know the top of the

825
00:35:51,670 –> 00:35:53,980
collarbones and the scapula so the whole

826
00:35:53,980 –> 00:35:55,900
opening of the neck there that is

827
00:35:55,900 –> 00:35:58,839
another diaphragm the occipital bone on

828
00:35:58,839 –> 00:36:00,970
the atlas of where the head sits on top

829
00:36:00,970 –> 00:36:01,869
of the spine

830
00:36:01,869 –> 00:36:04,000
that’s another diaphragm the pituitary

831
00:36:04,000 –> 00:36:07,119
diaphragm and then the actual crown of

832
00:36:07,119 –> 00:36:09,520
the head Crown Chakra but inside the

833
00:36:09,520 –> 00:36:11,770
skull it says tentorium cerebelli and

834
00:36:11,770 –> 00:36:14,680
these all affect lymph and blood flow

835
00:36:14,680 –> 00:36:16,960
and energy flows and hormones and

836
00:36:16,960 –> 00:36:18,760
everything in the body which is really

837
00:36:18,760 –> 00:36:21,760
cool and so the arches of the feet are

838
00:36:21,760 –> 00:36:24,579
that’s why I started from the bottom the

839
00:36:24,579 –> 00:36:26,200
arches of the feet when we lift the toes

840
00:36:26,200 –> 00:36:28,480
and lift the arches it lifts all the

841
00:36:28,480 –> 00:36:31,240
domes aka the diaphragms of body so

842
00:36:31,240 –> 00:36:32,680
wherever you’re sitting or standing

843
00:36:32,680 –> 00:36:34,720
if you lift your toes you actually feel

844
00:36:34,720 –> 00:36:36,490
your arches lift and you might notice

845
00:36:36,490 –> 00:36:38,380
your whole posture has a little shift

846
00:36:38,380 –> 00:36:44,740
and your breathing will change okay so

847
00:36:44,740 –> 00:36:46,839
now ligaments and fascia supporting the

848
00:36:46,839 –> 00:36:48,309
bones of the arches the plantar fascia

849
00:36:48,309 –> 00:36:51,460
is a fibrous ligament like structure

850
00:36:51,460 –> 00:36:54,160
that runs from the calcaneus the heel to

851
00:36:54,160 –> 00:36:56,799
the bases of the toes and so when we

852
00:36:56,799 –> 00:36:59,020
lift and extend the ptosis tightens and

853
00:36:59,020 –> 00:37:02,140
pulls on this plantar fascia and deepens

854
00:37:02,140 –> 00:37:07,230
the arches so here’s that image again

855
00:37:07,230 –> 00:37:10,210
that we used earlier so the toes flat

856
00:37:10,210 –> 00:37:12,640
toes lifted showing that arch so what’s

857
00:37:12,640 –> 00:37:14,559
actually happening here when we lift the

858
00:37:14,559 –> 00:37:15,280
toes

859
00:37:15,280 –> 00:37:17,589
yes it’s affecting the ligaments and

860
00:37:17,589 –> 00:37:18,670
muscles and everything and everything

861
00:37:18,670 –> 00:37:21,609
and everything else but it’s like a bow

862
00:37:21,609 –> 00:37:23,799
and arrow action so when we pull on the

863
00:37:23,799 –> 00:37:27,339
string of the bow the bow arcs so when

864
00:37:27,339 –> 00:37:29,619
we pull on the plantar fascia this acts

865
00:37:29,619 –> 00:37:32,410
like the string and the tarsals and the

866
00:37:32,410 –> 00:37:35,490
metatarsals bow upwards

867
00:37:35,490 –> 00:37:39,750
and it’s so cool and just by doing this

868
00:37:39,750 –> 00:37:41,250
when I first learned this I had very

869
00:37:41,250 –> 00:37:43,050
flat feet as I mentioned earlier just by

870
00:37:43,050 –> 00:37:45,090
doing this I would do all my standing

871
00:37:45,090 –> 00:37:48,090
poses with my toes lifted and over a few

872
00:37:48,090 –> 00:37:49,800
weeks I started to notice a change in my

873
00:37:49,800 –> 00:37:51,570
feet and over time it actually

874
00:37:51,570 –> 00:37:55,100
completely fixed my flat feet okay so

875
00:37:55,100 –> 00:37:57,480
let’s talk about the knock knees now and

876
00:37:57,480 –> 00:38:04,080
bow legs and so the knee joint the knee

877
00:38:04,080 –> 00:38:06,150
joint is made up of the femur the tibia

878
00:38:06,150 –> 00:38:09,030
and the patella the fibula which is on

879
00:38:09,030 –> 00:38:11,340
the side of the decided is not actually

880
00:38:11,340 –> 00:38:13,410
weight-bearing and it’s not actually in

881
00:38:13,410 –> 00:38:17,340
the actual joint so no ligaments and

882
00:38:17,340 –> 00:38:20,610
hold the joint together are the anterior

883
00:38:20,610 –> 00:38:23,130
and posterior she’s and the medial and

884
00:38:23,130 –> 00:38:23,490
lateral

885
00:38:23,490 –> 00:38:24,810
so there’s your anterior posterior

886
00:38:24,810 –> 00:38:26,280
cruciate they make an X that’s why

887
00:38:26,280 –> 00:38:27,930
they’re called cruciate like a cross and

888
00:38:27,930 –> 00:38:30,630
then the lateral and collateral those

889
00:38:30,630 –> 00:38:32,940
are medial and lateral and then you’ve

890
00:38:32,940 –> 00:38:35,280
got the the sort of disc shape type of

891
00:38:35,280 –> 00:38:37,410
thing here you’ve got your medial and

892
00:38:37,410 –> 00:38:39,630
your lateral medial on the inside

893
00:38:39,630 –> 00:38:41,790
lateral on the outside kind of like like

894
00:38:41,790 –> 00:38:46,740
lunar like semi lunar shakes and then we

895
00:38:46,740 –> 00:38:49,020
also have the patellar ligament some

896
00:38:49,020 –> 00:38:52,080
books we’ll call it a tendon it’s a

897
00:38:52,080 –> 00:38:53,880
tendon or a ligament and it’s basically

898
00:38:53,880 –> 00:38:56,550
the continuation from the quadriceps a

899
00:38:56,550 –> 00:38:58,920
tendon from the quadriceps goes through

900
00:38:58,920 –> 00:39:01,070
the patella and attaches below that the

901
00:39:01,070 –> 00:39:05,520
at the top of the shin okay and the

902
00:39:05,520 –> 00:39:08,190
marine muscles are the four quads which

903
00:39:08,190 –> 00:39:11,190
are on the front and the three

904
00:39:11,190 –> 00:39:14,010
hamstrings which on the back and so

905
00:39:14,010 –> 00:39:15,120
there you go this is a really good image

906
00:39:15,120 –> 00:39:16,980
again you can see the quadricep muscles

907
00:39:16,980 –> 00:39:21,170
how they all all of them they’re tendon

908
00:39:21,170 –> 00:39:23,790
attaches through the patella and then

909
00:39:23,790 –> 00:39:27,000
inserts below at the tibia and then

910
00:39:27,000 –> 00:39:29,760
you’ve got here your IT band which also

911
00:39:29,760 –> 00:39:32,400
comes and inserts and attaches at the

912
00:39:32,400 –> 00:39:35,640
top of the tibia and then here you look

913
00:39:35,640 –> 00:39:37,620
up from the back you’ve got some of your

914
00:39:37,620 –> 00:39:39,360
hamstrings two of them the

915
00:39:39,360 –> 00:39:41,460
semimembranosus and tendinosis attached

916
00:39:41,460 –> 00:39:47,310
at the if I was to show you so it would

917
00:39:47,310 –> 00:39:49,050
be like about here it does

918
00:39:49,050 –> 00:39:50,370
show you can you only see from the back

919
00:39:50,370 –> 00:39:51,840
we can see it’s actually attaching on

920
00:39:51,840 –> 00:39:55,110
the tibia on the medial side and then

921
00:39:55,110 –> 00:39:57,540
you got your your biceps femoris which

922
00:39:57,540 –> 00:40:00,240
attaches on the lateral side and then

923
00:40:00,240 –> 00:40:02,460
you’ve got your gastrocnemius your calf

924
00:40:02,460 –> 00:40:04,920
muscles come up and attach and split and

925
00:40:04,920 –> 00:40:07,650
attach medial and lateral and then

926
00:40:07,650 –> 00:40:09,810
you’ve got your popliteus which is going

927
00:40:09,810 –> 00:40:13,860
across in from the medial to the lateral

928
00:40:13,860 –> 00:40:14,360
side

929
00:40:14,360 –> 00:40:16,410
okay so we’ll talk about those a little

930
00:40:16,410 –> 00:40:18,450
bit more later so let’s look at the

931
00:40:18,450 –> 00:40:20,250
biomechanics so as we know when the

932
00:40:20,250 –> 00:40:21,900
arches are not properly supportive

933
00:40:21,900 –> 00:40:23,640
there’s a seesaw compensation that

934
00:40:23,640 –> 00:40:27,140
affects the tibia and the femur above

935
00:40:27,140 –> 00:40:29,940
the cue angle it’s something we need to

936
00:40:29,940 –> 00:40:31,890
understand a little bit about it so in

937
00:40:31,890 –> 00:40:34,050
general this is the angle that’s running

938
00:40:34,050 –> 00:40:36,210
from the femur if you follow the actual

939
00:40:36,210 –> 00:40:39,060
femur bone itself and then you look at

940
00:40:39,060 –> 00:40:40,740
if you look at a vertical line through

941
00:40:40,740 –> 00:40:41,580
the tibia

942
00:40:41,580 –> 00:40:45,960
so that’s your actual angle so women

943
00:40:45,960 –> 00:40:50,490
have a larger triangle and ram2 degree

944
00:40:50,490 –> 00:40:55,680
so here’s normal give a very straight

945
00:40:55,680 –> 00:40:57,390
leg and then this would be an increased

946
00:40:57,390 –> 00:40:59,220
cue angle so be like four knock knees

947
00:40:59,220 –> 00:41:04,230
and here’s another image of it and so

948
00:41:04,230 –> 00:41:07,590
here’s another image books there we go

949
00:41:07,590 –> 00:41:13,560
there we go so this would be the knock

950
00:41:13,560 –> 00:41:16,050
me and then this would be the bow like

951
00:41:16,050 –> 00:41:21,120
on the right side of your screen so both

952
00:41:21,120 –> 00:41:23,820
of them hmm excuse me are putting undue

953
00:41:23,820 –> 00:41:26,310
strain on the knee on the knee joint

954
00:41:26,310 –> 00:41:29,220
whether it’s on the medial side or the

955
00:41:29,220 –> 00:41:30,690
lateral side they’re both affecting the

956
00:41:30,690 –> 00:41:34,520
knee joint in an unhealthy way for me

957
00:41:34,520 –> 00:41:39,180
okay so there is an imbalance of

958
00:41:39,180 –> 00:41:41,130
muscular tension on the internet or legs

959
00:41:41,130 –> 00:41:44,640
with not knees and bow legs so it on the

960
00:41:44,640 –> 00:41:45,930
picture on your left which is a knock

961
00:41:45,930 –> 00:41:48,240
knees there is an increase in tension on

962
00:41:48,240 –> 00:41:51,800
the other legs so what that means is

963
00:41:51,800 –> 00:41:56,070
from here to here if I if I imagine like

964
00:41:56,070 –> 00:41:58,410
you go back to that both the the bow and

965
00:41:58,410 –> 00:41:58,650
arrow

966
00:41:58,650 –> 00:42:01,410
if I pull stronger on this side it’s

967
00:42:01,410 –> 00:42:01,750
gonna

968
00:42:01,750 –> 00:42:03,790
push the knees out this way and this is

969
00:42:03,790 –> 00:42:07,690
not able to pull it together and then it

970
00:42:07,690 –> 00:42:09,880
go with bowlegs know about too much pull

971
00:42:09,880 –> 00:42:12,250
and tension on the inner leg and then

972
00:42:12,250 –> 00:42:13,990
not enough pull attention on the outer

973
00:42:13,990 –> 00:42:18,310
leg so we can balance this out

974
00:42:18,310 –> 00:42:24,780
so for knock-knees these doctors abd

975
00:42:24,780 –> 00:42:28,140
abductors and the lateral hamstring are

976
00:42:28,140 –> 00:42:34,210
overpowering the abd adductors and then

977
00:42:34,210 –> 00:42:36,400
for bow legs the adductors and

978
00:42:36,400 –> 00:42:38,290
middle-earth and medial hamstrings are

979
00:42:38,290 –> 00:42:42,850
overpowering the abd abductors that

980
00:42:42,850 –> 00:42:49,960
makes sense so yeah so that’s that’s the

981
00:42:49,960 –> 00:42:51,460
main thing we just need to understand

982
00:42:51,460 –> 00:42:52,990
there we’ll bring that back when we come

983
00:42:52,990 –> 00:42:57,340
to our therapeutics so now we’ll look at

984
00:42:57,340 –> 00:43:00,160
the hyperextension of the knee so when

985
00:43:00,160 –> 00:43:02,080
people hyper extend the knees or any

986
00:43:02,080 –> 00:43:03,790
going for that matter they are hanging

987
00:43:03,790 –> 00:43:05,890
on their joints and ligaments the

988
00:43:05,890 –> 00:43:11,730
surrounding muscles are not firing so

989
00:43:11,730 –> 00:43:14,950
yeah any joint that you’re not engaging

990
00:43:14,950 –> 00:43:16,840
you’re gonna have that situation where

991
00:43:16,840 –> 00:43:20,590
the muscles are not firing so let me

992
00:43:20,590 –> 00:43:25,720
just do this okay it’s not a nice switch

993
00:43:25,720 –> 00:43:29,500
slide okay so this over time can lead to

994
00:43:29,500 –> 00:43:31,210
other issues as the body tries to

995
00:43:31,210 –> 00:43:32,740
compensate so here’s a great image I

996
00:43:32,740 –> 00:43:34,990
found and just showing if you look at

997
00:43:34,990 –> 00:43:38,830
the third image the knock-knees is

998
00:43:38,830 –> 00:43:41,200
mentioned here and then so this is like

999
00:43:41,200 –> 00:43:43,660
a seesaw the knee the top of the shin

1000
00:43:43,660 –> 00:43:45,400
goes back the top of the thigh goes

1001
00:43:45,400 –> 00:43:47,140
forward the pelvis shifts back

1002
00:43:47,140 –> 00:43:50,340
everything is affected above and below

1003
00:43:50,340 –> 00:43:55,180
and so now we’re gonna look at the knee

1004
00:43:55,180 –> 00:43:59,560
locking mechanism so during the last 15

1005
00:43:59,560 –> 00:44:01,660
to 20 degrees of extension when you’re

1006
00:44:01,660 –> 00:44:03,730
straightening your leg that last bit

1007
00:44:03,730 –> 00:44:05,880
before the leg is completely straight

1008
00:44:05,880 –> 00:44:09,370
with the foot free meaning if you’re not

1009
00:44:09,370 –> 00:44:11,110
standing if you’re just sitting and your

1010
00:44:11,110 –> 00:44:15,369
leg is free the tibia rotates externally

1011
00:44:15,369 –> 00:44:17,920
locks into extensions when the knee

1012
00:44:17,920 –> 00:44:20,650
extends with the foot planted the femur

1013
00:44:20,650 –> 00:44:23,440
internally rotates so between the top

1014
00:44:23,440 –> 00:44:24,880
and bottom of the need there’s this

1015
00:44:24,880 –> 00:44:27,279
little rotation so we know that the knee

1016
00:44:27,279 –> 00:44:32,200
is a is a hinge joint it flexes and

1017
00:44:32,200 –> 00:44:34,269
extends but there’s a little bit of

1018
00:44:34,269 –> 00:44:36,539
rotation that I thought was pretty

1019
00:44:36,539 –> 00:44:38,740
interesting when I discovered this and

1020
00:44:38,740 –> 00:44:41,559
it’s the popliteal muscle that unlocks

1021
00:44:41,559 –> 00:44:43,839
the knee so remember that popliteal

1022
00:44:43,839 –> 00:44:46,029
muscle is showing it here so that pulls

1023
00:44:46,029 –> 00:44:49,539
and helps to bend the knee so here’s a

1024
00:44:49,539 –> 00:44:53,380
great image so we’ve got our ligaments

1025
00:44:53,380 –> 00:44:57,069
and when the knee is so this would be

1026
00:44:57,069 –> 00:44:59,470
relatively straight but imagine now if

1027
00:44:59,470 –> 00:45:02,710
you start to go beyond straight this is

1028
00:45:02,710 –> 00:45:05,230
gonna put a lot of tension and pull on

1029
00:45:05,230 –> 00:45:09,339
those ligaments and you can see when the

1030
00:45:09,339 –> 00:45:11,769
knee is more bent than ligaments are

1031
00:45:11,769 –> 00:45:13,749
more slack and then when there’s when

1032
00:45:13,749 –> 00:45:15,759
it’s straight it becomes tight but if

1033
00:45:15,759 –> 00:45:18,519
you go beyond to hyperextension it’s

1034
00:45:18,519 –> 00:45:20,230
gonna put even more tension on those

1035
00:45:20,230 –> 00:45:24,700
ligaments so medically speaking normal

1036
00:45:24,700 –> 00:45:26,700
postural jenu river bottom

1037
00:45:26,700 –> 00:45:29,529
hyperextension is usually not seen as

1038
00:45:29,529 –> 00:45:32,259
problematic however as we saw with

1039
00:45:32,259 –> 00:45:34,630
fallen arches compensation can be

1040
00:45:34,630 –> 00:45:36,809
causing other structural issues

1041
00:45:36,809 –> 00:45:39,579
increased knee hyperextension has been

1042
00:45:39,579 –> 00:45:42,249
found to be a predictor of ACL injury

1043
00:45:42,249 –> 00:45:44,680
this may be due to the laxity in the

1044
00:45:44,680 –> 00:45:46,509
hamstrings as I mentioned they’re not

1045
00:45:46,509 –> 00:45:48,430
firing if they’re hanging on the joint

1046
00:45:48,430 –> 00:45:51,220
causing them to become elongated or from

1047
00:45:51,220 –> 00:45:54,160
increased anterior glide the femur on

1048
00:45:54,160 –> 00:45:58,660
the tibia hyperextension puts increased

1049
00:45:58,660 –> 00:46:01,809
compression or strain on the ACL ACL and

1050
00:46:01,809 –> 00:46:05,710
PCL it puts compression on the anterior

1051
00:46:05,710 –> 00:46:09,039
medial aspect of the knee and it puts

1052
00:46:09,039 –> 00:46:11,619
strain on the posterior lateral aspect

1053
00:46:11,619 –> 00:46:14,519
of the knee and the popliteal muscle

1054
00:46:14,519 –> 00:46:21,160
tendon is strained as well so now let’s

1055
00:46:21,160 –> 00:46:23,380
look at the therapeutic applications of

1056
00:46:23,380 –> 00:46:25,390
structure alignment therapy and some

1057
00:46:25,390 –> 00:46:27,279
exercises so give me a few samples of

1058
00:46:27,279 –> 00:46:28,990
great things we can do

1059
00:46:28,990 –> 00:46:32,000
okay so first we have what’s my s AP

1060
00:46:32,000 –> 00:46:34,490
formula structural language therapy so

1061
00:46:34,490 –> 00:46:37,430
we have stretch and release the tissues

1062
00:46:37,430 –> 00:46:39,530
around the bone so they can articulate

1063
00:46:39,530 –> 00:46:43,460
freely so in order to do anything first

1064
00:46:43,460 –> 00:46:46,700
we have to make space then we align the

1065
00:46:46,700 –> 00:46:49,040
musculoskeletal system by a mechanically

1066
00:46:49,040 –> 00:46:50,960
with the therapeutic alignment

1067
00:46:50,960 –> 00:46:54,950
principles so first we make space then

1068
00:46:54,950 –> 00:46:57,250
we align we change the actual

1069
00:46:57,250 –> 00:46:59,810
musculoskeletal alignment and then we

1070
00:46:59,810 –> 00:47:02,540
tone and strengthen this new optimal

1071
00:47:02,540 –> 00:47:05,210
musculoskeletal pattern with appropriate

1072
00:47:05,210 –> 00:47:07,480
functional exercises and this equals

1073
00:47:07,480 –> 00:47:11,270
transformation so let’s let’s look at

1074
00:47:11,270 –> 00:47:13,310
the first component with destructing and

1075
00:47:13,310 –> 00:47:15,140
releasing actually what’s kind of cool

1076
00:47:15,140 –> 00:47:17,780
as many of the exercises that we do have

1077
00:47:17,780 –> 00:47:20,090
a stretching and strengthening component

1078
00:47:20,090 –> 00:47:22,490
combined and we want to do that with our

1079
00:47:22,490 –> 00:47:24,560
alignment so this one’s just really

1080
00:47:24,560 –> 00:47:28,550
actually work for the feet and the toes

1081
00:47:28,550 –> 00:47:31,280
so you’re leaning back and you’re

1082
00:47:31,280 –> 00:47:32,930
lifting up your knees as much as not

1083
00:47:32,930 –> 00:47:34,640
everybody can do it to that degree but

1084
00:47:34,640 –> 00:47:36,170
you’re just getting a nice stretch on

1085
00:47:36,170 –> 00:47:37,970
the dorsal which is the top of your feet

1086
00:47:37,970 –> 00:47:40,670
and then you flex the other way and you

1087
00:47:40,670 –> 00:47:42,770
get a stretch through the back of the

1088
00:47:42,770 –> 00:47:44,360
feet on the plantar side and then you

1089
00:47:44,360 –> 00:47:46,940
can lower your knees which puts a little

1090
00:47:46,940 –> 00:47:48,890
bit more stretch so when your knees are

1091
00:47:48,890 –> 00:47:50,600
up you’re also balancing and

1092
00:47:50,600 –> 00:47:52,310
strengthening and then when you lower

1093
00:47:52,310 –> 00:47:53,780
your knees you’re getting a little bit

1094
00:47:53,780 –> 00:47:57,800
more stretch and then that exercise that

1095
00:47:57,800 –> 00:47:59,360
we looked at earlier because the heel

1096
00:47:59,360 –> 00:48:02,870
raising and lowering so this is good for

1097
00:48:02,870 –> 00:48:04,550
opening up the fashio on the back in

1098
00:48:04,550 –> 00:48:06,380
front of the feet it introduces a new

1099
00:48:06,380 –> 00:48:08,000
optimal movement pattern and

1100
00:48:08,000 –> 00:48:10,040
strengthening it helps to strengthen the

1101
00:48:10,040 –> 00:48:12,560
feet with weight-bearing which is more

1102
00:48:12,560 –> 00:48:16,430
effective than non-weight-bearing up

1103
00:48:16,430 –> 00:48:18,830
here I’m showing you on the left with

1104
00:48:18,830 –> 00:48:20,270
the arrows see how my arches are

1105
00:48:20,270 –> 00:48:22,190
collapsed in and this is typically the

1106
00:48:22,190 –> 00:48:23,600
way I would do it if I was not

1107
00:48:23,600 –> 00:48:25,340
consciously trying to do it any other

1108
00:48:25,340 –> 00:48:27,380
way and this is typically how most

1109
00:48:27,380 –> 00:48:29,180
people do it because I’ve seen many

1110
00:48:29,180 –> 00:48:33,440
clients doing it and so we just sort of

1111
00:48:33,440 –> 00:48:35,900
drop down to our greatest flexibility

1112
00:48:35,900 –> 00:48:38,990
and the ankles and artists fall in so on

1113
00:48:38,990 –> 00:48:40,400
the picture on the right side of the

1114
00:48:40,400 –> 00:48:41,660
screen

1115
00:48:41,660 –> 00:48:45,200
actually consciously lifting my toes up

1116
00:48:45,200 –> 00:48:47,630
and consciously keeping my inner and

1117
00:48:47,630 –> 00:48:49,940
outer ankles balanced and not letting

1118
00:48:49,940 –> 00:48:52,630
the arches fall so as we go up and down

1119
00:48:52,630 –> 00:48:55,430
raising the heels and lowering the heels

1120
00:48:55,430 –> 00:48:57,920
we’re doing it with a new pattern so

1121
00:48:57,920 –> 00:48:59,140
here I’m going to the other extreme

1122
00:48:59,140 –> 00:49:01,579
instead of lowering now I’m raising up

1123
00:49:01,579 –> 00:49:04,039
the heels and then on the left I’m

1124
00:49:04,039 –> 00:49:06,079
letting my heels go as far up as

1125
00:49:06,079 –> 00:49:07,520
possible I’m going to the point of that

1126
00:49:07,520 –> 00:49:10,039
sickling position that I mentioned

1127
00:49:10,039 –> 00:49:12,020
earlier that creates that sort of curbed

1128
00:49:12,020 –> 00:49:14,390
and as you can see how if I drew an

1129
00:49:14,390 –> 00:49:16,220
arrow from my middle of my ankle it’s

1130
00:49:16,220 –> 00:49:18,670
nowhere near a line with my second toe

1131
00:49:18,670 –> 00:49:22,760
whereas on the picture on the right my

1132
00:49:22,760 –> 00:49:24,770
ankle is more aligned with my second toe

1133
00:49:24,770 –> 00:49:27,589
and so I’m maintaining that optimal

1134
00:49:27,589 –> 00:49:29,930
alignment as I go up and down with my

1135
00:49:29,930 –> 00:49:36,920
heels and so here is Kim who modeled for

1136
00:49:36,920 –> 00:49:38,480
us in these structural I’m in yoga

1137
00:49:38,480 –> 00:49:40,430
therapy online course so some of these

1138
00:49:40,430 –> 00:49:44,240
images are from that course and so this

1139
00:49:44,240 –> 00:49:48,680
is her feet naturally relaxed and her

1140
00:49:48,680 –> 00:49:50,359
arches are naturally relaxed but she

1141
00:49:50,359 –> 00:49:52,099
brings her feet parallel so that the

1142
00:49:52,099 –> 00:49:53,630
middle ankle is lined up in the second

1143
00:49:53,630 –> 00:49:56,750
toe and we bring the feet hip distance

1144
00:49:56,750 –> 00:49:59,029
apart which means the middle of the

1145
00:49:59,029 –> 00:50:00,740
ankle is under the anterior superior

1146
00:50:00,740 –> 00:50:04,670
iliac spine or the ASIS bone protrusion

1147
00:50:04,670 –> 00:50:09,470
of the pelvis and then we lift the toes

1148
00:50:09,470 –> 00:50:11,990
so I did not say anything to Kim but you

1149
00:50:11,990 –> 00:50:13,940
can see her left foot which is on our

1150
00:50:13,940 –> 00:50:16,400
right side of our screen her left arch

1151
00:50:16,400 –> 00:50:19,160
and ankle is a little bit more in and

1152
00:50:19,160 –> 00:50:20,710
dropped down so she would need to

1153
00:50:20,710 –> 00:50:24,740
fine-tune and micro adjust and lift that

1154
00:50:24,740 –> 00:50:26,059
up a little bit more impressed

1155
00:50:26,059 –> 00:50:28,400
a little bit more into her outer heel on

1156
00:50:28,400 –> 00:50:31,609
her left foot but then we need to plant

1157
00:50:31,609 –> 00:50:33,500
the four corners of the feet big toe of

1158
00:50:33,500 –> 00:50:35,420
the ball comes first then the inner

1159
00:50:35,420 –> 00:50:38,000
heels and then the baby toe ball mounds

1160
00:50:38,000 –> 00:50:42,890
and then the outer heels and so here you

1161
00:50:42,890 –> 00:50:45,349
can see the foot on the left of our

1162
00:50:45,349 –> 00:50:47,630
screen is without any therapy she’s a

1163
00:50:47,630 –> 00:50:49,609
pretty good arch actually but then when

1164
00:50:49,609 –> 00:50:53,319
the toes lift the arch that bowstring

1165
00:50:53,319 –> 00:50:55,460
analogy we use you can see

1166
00:50:55,460 –> 00:50:58,220
that really lifts up and over time this

1167
00:50:58,220 –> 00:51:00,080
literally start to shape the muscles

1168
00:51:00,080 –> 00:51:01,940
ligaments and bones and it starts to

1169
00:51:01,940 –> 00:51:06,920
become more permanent and then the

1170
00:51:06,920 –> 00:51:08,930
here’s another really great exercise so

1171
00:51:08,930 –> 00:51:10,760
this is supine and this is great for

1172
00:51:10,760 –> 00:51:12,890
clients the fatigue easily when standing

1173
00:51:12,890 –> 00:51:14,840
hora clients that have had recent

1174
00:51:14,840 –> 00:51:17,540
surgery and cannot bear weight so it’s

1175
00:51:17,540 –> 00:51:19,400
doing the same actions lining the feet

1176
00:51:19,400 –> 00:51:22,420
parallel middle ankle the second toe

1177
00:51:22,420 –> 00:51:25,370
lifting and spreading the toes and then

1178
00:51:25,370 –> 00:51:27,410
we put the block for some extra

1179
00:51:27,410 –> 00:51:30,800
additional activations then we ground

1180
00:51:30,800 –> 00:51:32,510
the four corners of the feet into the

1181
00:51:32,510 –> 00:51:35,030
wall big toe ball mount inner heel baby

1182
00:51:35,030 –> 00:51:39,430
toe mall ball mount and outer heel and

1183
00:51:39,430 –> 00:51:43,070
then here’s another one side calf and

1184
00:51:43,070 –> 00:51:44,930
hamstring stretching aligning and toning

1185
00:51:44,930 –> 00:51:46,190
so we’re doing everything at the same

1186
00:51:46,190 –> 00:51:49,340
time here when we that exercise that we

1187
00:51:49,340 –> 00:51:50,840
talked a little bit earlier with the

1188
00:51:50,840 –> 00:51:53,870
quad stretch so we’re activating the

1189
00:51:53,870 –> 00:51:57,380
toes we’re unsticking the foot and we’re

1190
00:51:57,380 –> 00:51:59,030
stretching the quad and we’re putting

1191
00:51:59,030 –> 00:52:00,740
the block between the knees to squeeze

1192
00:52:00,740 –> 00:52:03,470
in which helps to align everything even

1193
00:52:03,470 –> 00:52:05,960
more optimally in therapeutic and then

1194
00:52:05,960 –> 00:52:08,600
we stretch the back of the leg by

1195
00:52:08,600 –> 00:52:12,020
lifting the foot up onto a rolled up

1196
00:52:12,020 –> 00:52:13,910
blanket which puts extra stretch on the

1197
00:52:13,910 –> 00:52:16,700
plantar fascia we lift the toes we line

1198
00:52:16,700 –> 00:52:18,530
up the feet parallel we grab the whole

1199
00:52:18,530 –> 00:52:20,060
corners of the feet and we do all of

1200
00:52:20,060 –> 00:52:22,820
this with those optimal alignment to

1201
00:52:22,820 –> 00:52:25,310
stretch and strengthen creating a new

1202
00:52:25,310 –> 00:52:29,930
pattern now let’s talk about the knock

1203
00:52:29,930 –> 00:52:31,850
knees and bow legs so after stretching

1204
00:52:31,850 –> 00:52:35,930
we align and establish optimal

1205
00:52:35,930 –> 00:52:37,910
foundation of the feet and arches then

1206
00:52:37,910 –> 00:52:40,700
we tone so it’s the SAT stretched align

1207
00:52:40,700 –> 00:52:43,400
and tone applying shins in and thighs

1208
00:52:43,400 –> 00:52:45,740
out there’s a we are I already have a

1209
00:52:45,740 –> 00:52:48,260
YouTube video on that that you can watch

1210
00:52:48,260 –> 00:52:53,690
in my youtube videos and so the arrows

1211
00:52:53,690 –> 00:52:55,250
here are pointing this is where we hug

1212
00:52:55,250 –> 00:52:56,960
the block the shins move towards the

1213
00:52:56,960 –> 00:52:59,300
midline and then the upper block we’re

1214
00:52:59,300 –> 00:53:00,800
actually trying to move the upper thighs

1215
00:53:00,800 –> 00:53:03,230
away from the midline so it’s kind of an

1216
00:53:03,230 –> 00:53:05,690
opposite to things happening and it’s

1217
00:53:05,690 –> 00:53:07,890
really amazing because it tells me that

1218
00:53:07,890 –> 00:53:09,989
once out the fashio above and below the

1219
00:53:09,989 –> 00:53:15,359
knee so as I said chin Dame is drawing

1220
00:53:15,359 –> 00:53:17,009
isometrically toward them in mind

1221
00:53:17,009 –> 00:53:18,660
there’s no actual change in the position

1222
00:53:18,660 –> 00:53:20,700
of the legs this is an action and the

1223
00:53:20,700 –> 00:53:22,440
block is helping to not change the

1224
00:53:22,440 –> 00:53:24,569
position of the legs and then meanwhile

1225
00:53:24,569 –> 00:53:26,940
the thighs out is drawing the thighs

1226
00:53:26,940 –> 00:53:29,039
away from the midline and we actually

1227
00:53:29,039 –> 00:53:31,200
add an internal rotation of the thighs

1228
00:53:31,200 –> 00:53:33,839
which helps to move the inner thigh

1229
00:53:33,839 –> 00:53:38,789
bones in back and apart so we apply the

1230
00:53:38,789 –> 00:53:41,430
same technique shins and thighs out for

1231
00:53:41,430 –> 00:53:43,710
both knee conditions for both not knees

1232
00:53:43,710 –> 00:53:45,390
and bow legs we just to do it in

1233
00:53:45,390 –> 00:53:50,160
different slight different forces so for

1234
00:53:50,160 –> 00:53:52,559
knock knees the force of the action has

1235
00:53:52,559 –> 00:53:55,680
to come a little bit lower and a little

1236
00:53:55,680 –> 00:54:00,239
bit higher because the knees are moving

1237
00:54:00,239 –> 00:54:02,749
towards the midline more so we want to

1238
00:54:02,749 –> 00:54:06,809
make the lower below that midline of the

1239
00:54:06,809 –> 00:54:09,690
shin it’s like think of like a seesaw

1240
00:54:09,690 –> 00:54:13,680
principle if we push this in if we move

1241
00:54:13,680 –> 00:54:18,660
this in this is gonna move out so the

1242
00:54:18,660 –> 00:54:21,779
feet and lower legs hug in more and then

1243
00:54:21,779 –> 00:54:24,839
we widen instead of moving just the

1244
00:54:24,839 –> 00:54:27,299
upper thigh we try to why do some like

1245
00:54:27,299 –> 00:54:29,190
the middle of the thigh you don’t want

1246
00:54:29,190 –> 00:54:31,049
to actually torque on the knee itself

1247
00:54:31,049 –> 00:54:33,569
because the knee is not designed for

1248
00:54:33,569 –> 00:54:36,119
that action we have to do it from above

1249
00:54:36,119 –> 00:54:39,089
and below the knee safely but we just

1250
00:54:39,089 –> 00:54:41,309
make it as far down to the ground as

1251
00:54:41,309 –> 00:54:43,680
possible and as close to the V as

1252
00:54:43,680 –> 00:54:46,170
possible without putting direct force on

1253
00:54:46,170 –> 00:54:48,359
the knee for the knee is more delicate

1254
00:54:48,359 –> 00:54:57,869
and then for the here we go so for bow

1255
00:54:57,869 –> 00:55:02,249
legs because the knees are wider at that

1256
00:55:02,249 –> 00:55:04,859
midpoint between the legs we want to

1257
00:55:04,859 –> 00:55:08,130
draw more on the upper shin not the knee

1258
00:55:08,130 –> 00:55:11,930
itself but the upper shin and then the

1259
00:55:11,930 –> 00:55:14,549
instead of widening from close to me we

1260
00:55:14,549 –> 00:55:17,519
try to widen way out above at the upper

1261
00:55:17,519 –> 00:55:21,019
upper thigh and I know this works I

1262
00:55:21,019 –> 00:55:22,729
I didn’t have the legs I had knock-knees

1263
00:55:22,729 –> 00:55:24,199
which had actually been improved greatly

1264
00:55:24,199 –> 00:55:30,609
and a teacher / colleague friend of mine

1265
00:55:30,609 –> 00:55:34,519
who had quite a quite an interesting

1266
00:55:34,519 –> 00:55:37,159
case of bow legs I saw him transform his

1267
00:55:37,159 –> 00:55:40,069
bow legs doing this over a period of six

1268
00:55:40,069 –> 00:55:43,399
months and I was shocked to see from one

1269
00:55:43,399 –> 00:55:45,079
from when I saw him – the next time I

1270
00:55:45,079 –> 00:55:46,999
saw him / appeared six months it was

1271
00:55:46,999 –> 00:55:49,849
completely transformed and it was him

1272
00:55:49,849 –> 00:55:51,259
that actually initially taught me this

1273
00:55:51,259 –> 00:55:54,229
but I’ve added this fine-tuning of where

1274
00:55:54,229 –> 00:55:57,559
you draw the force which is a little bit

1275
00:55:57,559 –> 00:55:58,880
different than just doing the shins and

1276
00:55:58,880 –> 00:56:01,009
thighs out the same way for all

1277
00:56:01,009 –> 00:56:02,749
conditions I’ve just fine-tune it a

1278
00:56:02,749 –> 00:56:05,929
little bit to address because I know for

1279
00:56:05,929 –> 00:56:07,279
me I needed to do it a little bit

1280
00:56:07,279 –> 00:56:08,899
differently for knock-knees and mine and

1281
00:56:08,899 –> 00:56:10,669
then for bow legs you do it just again

1282
00:56:10,669 –> 00:56:13,549
you fine-tune it a little bit and now

1283
00:56:13,549 –> 00:56:17,179
for hyper-extended knees so you can see

1284
00:56:17,179 –> 00:56:18,649
in the picture on the left I’ve moved my

1285
00:56:18,649 –> 00:56:21,469
so you can see the slope there how my

1286
00:56:21,469 –> 00:56:26,419
knee is behind my ankle so first we need

1287
00:56:26,419 –> 00:56:30,109
to get the shin vertical and we need to

1288
00:56:30,109 –> 00:56:32,209
get the feet aligned so we got to have

1289
00:56:32,209 –> 00:56:34,549
the second toe in the middle ankle we

1290
00:56:34,549 –> 00:56:35,749
have to lift the toes and lift the

1291
00:56:35,749 –> 00:56:38,209
arches we need to bring the shoes

1292
00:56:38,209 –> 00:56:41,269
vertical and then third then we apply

1293
00:56:41,269 –> 00:56:44,539
the shins in and the thighs out and as I

1294
00:56:44,539 –> 00:56:46,130
mentioned the thin shins advise out

1295
00:56:46,130 –> 00:56:48,169
balances the musculoskeletal spatial

1296
00:56:48,169 –> 00:56:50,749
patterning above and below the knees so

1297
00:56:50,749 –> 00:56:52,789
once we do that then we bring in this

1298
00:56:52,789 –> 00:56:58,309
new exercise with this new pattern so

1299
00:56:58,309 –> 00:57:00,949
the therapeutic exercise for another one

1300
00:57:00,949 –> 00:57:03,229
that I like to do is to put a block

1301
00:57:03,229 –> 00:57:05,749
behind the shin in standing poses where

1302
00:57:05,749 –> 00:57:07,759
that we have a straight front leg and

1303
00:57:07,759 –> 00:57:10,159
this supports the integrity of the

1304
00:57:10,159 –> 00:57:12,409
entire posture by allowing the rest of

1305
00:57:12,409 –> 00:57:14,569
the body to find a new optimal

1306
00:57:14,569 –> 00:57:17,449
musculoskeletal skeletal pattern now

1307
00:57:17,449 –> 00:57:20,299
that it no longer needs to compensate

1308
00:57:20,299 –> 00:57:21,739
for the lack of stability in the

1309
00:57:21,739 –> 00:57:24,709
foundation increased stability the

1310
00:57:24,709 –> 00:57:26,299
foundation allows for greater freedom

1311
00:57:26,299 –> 00:57:28,880
overall so if we didn’t have the block

1312
00:57:28,880 –> 00:57:31,999
and the knee was hyper extended the rest

1313
00:57:31,999 –> 00:57:34,580
of the body would have to try to

1314
00:57:34,580 –> 00:57:36,920
compensate to create safety because the

1315
00:57:36,920 –> 00:57:39,020
body will recognize that unstable knee

1316
00:57:39,020 –> 00:57:40,070
is unsafe

1317
00:57:40,070 –> 00:57:42,170
so other areas of the body will be

1318
00:57:42,170 –> 00:57:45,740
trying to tighten up to compensate and

1319
00:57:45,740 –> 00:57:50,870
here’s a great exercise as well we sit

1320
00:57:50,870 –> 00:57:53,810
and not only do we align the feet and

1321
00:57:53,810 –> 00:57:56,300
legs as we’ve been talking about but we

1322
00:57:56,300 –> 00:57:58,970
actually create resistance with the

1323
00:57:58,970 –> 00:58:02,720
floor so we press the heel into the

1324
00:58:02,720 –> 00:58:08,000
ground and we isometrically draw the

1325
00:58:08,000 –> 00:58:11,000
heel back which when you do that you

1326
00:58:11,000 –> 00:58:12,710
actually feel your knee will want to

1327
00:58:12,710 –> 00:58:15,530
bend so one thing you don’t want to do

1328
00:58:15,530 –> 00:58:17,510
is try to push your knee into the ground

1329
00:58:17,510 –> 00:58:20,090
you actually want to I somatically drag

1330
00:58:20,090 –> 00:58:22,940
back into the heel and fire up the

1331
00:58:22,940 –> 00:58:24,500
hamstring and calf muscles that actually

1332
00:58:24,500 –> 00:58:26,870
lift the knee away from the floor and

1333
00:58:26,870 –> 00:58:29,000
keep doing that over and over and over

1334
00:58:29,000 –> 00:58:31,190
again but with the optimal alignment of

1335
00:58:31,190 –> 00:58:33,140
the shins and thighs out and the feet

1336
00:58:33,140 –> 00:58:36,020
activated and this is gonna actually

1337
00:58:36,020 –> 00:58:39,790
start to change a hyperextension knees

1338
00:58:39,790 –> 00:58:42,920
and then I have a youtube video for this

1339
00:58:42,920 –> 00:58:45,290
as well this is the the shins and thighs

1340
00:58:45,290 –> 00:58:48,800
out so once we have those activations of

1341
00:58:48,800 –> 00:58:51,080
the feet the arches the shins the thighs

1342
00:58:51,080 –> 00:58:53,450
and then we slowly bend the knees and

1343
00:58:53,450 –> 00:58:56,240
straighten the knees not too completely

1344
00:58:56,240 –> 00:58:58,130
straight and not to the full maximum

1345
00:58:58,130 –> 00:59:00,500
been through a nice comfortable range of

1346
00:59:00,500 –> 00:59:02,300
motion keeping the shoulders back

1347
00:59:02,300 –> 00:59:05,510
keeping the spine neutral and starting

1348
00:59:05,510 –> 00:59:07,370
to retrain a new musculoskeletal

1349
00:59:07,370 –> 00:59:09,980
patterns wrote from the foundation up so

1350
00:59:09,980 –> 00:59:12,110
once the arches are lifted this is going

1351
00:59:12,110 –> 00:59:13,760
to start to change everything all the

1352
00:59:13,760 –> 00:59:19,100
way up and so those are the samples of

1353
00:59:19,100 –> 00:59:21,050
the therapeutic techniques thank you for

1354
00:59:21,050 –> 00:59:23,630
attending today’s webinar I hope you’ve

1355
00:59:23,630 –> 00:59:25,310
enjoyed the material I put together for

1356
00:59:25,310 –> 00:59:27,890
you including the examples of how we can

1357
00:59:27,890 –> 00:59:30,410
treat and transform issues of the feet

1358
00:59:30,410 –> 00:59:32,390
in these with structural alignment yoga

1359
00:59:32,390 –> 00:59:34,940
therapy if you’ve enjoyed this webinar

1360
00:59:34,940 –> 00:59:37,730
you’d be perfect for the UH for the si

1361
00:59:37,730 –> 00:59:39,980
YP online course which teaches you how

1362
00:59:39,980 –> 00:59:43,880
to turn your passion into a real reality

1363
00:59:43,880 –> 00:59:46,010
to work in the therapeutic capacity and

1364
00:59:46,010 –> 00:59:47,390
an integral part of your client

1365
00:59:47,390 –> 00:59:50,300
self-healing teaches you to elevate your

1366
00:59:50,300 –> 00:59:52,190
hands on verbal skills with therapeutic

1367
00:59:52,190 –> 00:59:54,890
alignment to transform your personal

1368
00:59:54,890 –> 00:59:57,140
practice and teaching into yoga therapy

1369
00:59:57,140 –> 00:59:59,630
and to specialize in structural

1370
00:59:59,630 –> 01:00:03,230
alignment field apparently the online

1371
01:00:03,230 –> 01:00:07,040
course contains ten point eight hours of

1372
01:00:07,040 –> 01:00:08,570
video lectures with detailed

1373
01:00:08,570 –> 01:00:11,660
instructions including the theory and

1374
01:00:11,660 –> 01:00:13,700
principles how to apply hands-on

1375
01:00:13,700 –> 01:00:15,740
techniques for optimal therapeutic

1376
01:00:15,740 –> 01:00:19,180
effect how to assess static and dynamic

1377
01:00:19,180 –> 01:00:22,400
postural alignment anatomy and

1378
01:00:22,400 –> 01:00:24,110
biomechanics for each segment of the

1379
01:00:24,110 –> 01:00:26,510
body specialized exercises and yoga

1380
01:00:26,510 –> 01:00:29,120
poses for specific conditions and

1381
01:00:29,120 –> 01:00:31,160
step-by-step guidance applying the

1382
01:00:31,160 –> 01:00:34,640
techniques and here’s a hundred and

1383
01:00:34,640 –> 01:00:36,470
twenty five page workbook complete with

1384
01:00:36,470 –> 01:00:38,390
images theory and the step-by-step

1385
01:00:38,390 –> 01:00:42,110
instructions the workbook and video

1386
01:00:42,110 –> 01:00:44,480
lectures are downloadable so you will be

1387
01:00:44,480 –> 01:00:46,130
able to access the course content

1388
01:00:46,130 –> 01:00:48,680
anytime it’s a completely self-paced

1389
01:00:48,680 –> 01:00:50,660
online course and you decide when you

1390
01:00:50,660 –> 01:00:52,940
start and finish and after enrolling you

1391
01:00:52,940 –> 01:00:55,100
have unlimited access to this course for

1392
01:00:55,100 –> 01:00:57,230
as long as you like across any and all

1393
01:00:57,230 –> 01:01:00,830
devices do you own thank you for

1394
01:01:00,830 –> 01:01:03,320
participating in today’s webinar I hope

1395
01:01:03,320 –> 01:01:05,300
you enjoy this presentation if you have

1396
01:01:05,300 –> 01:01:07,880
any questions or feedback I would love

1397
01:01:07,880 –> 01:01:11,780
to hear from you and if you would like

1398
01:01:11,780 –> 01:01:15,590
to check out my additional webinars and

1399
01:01:15,590 –> 01:01:17,150
videos please go to my youtube channel

1400
01:01:17,150 –> 01:01:19,460
Karen copy I look forward to sharing

1401
01:01:19,460 –> 01:01:22,700
with you again until then I send you

1402
01:01:22,700 –> 00:00:00,000
love and light

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