Ryt yoga

02 Understanding Yoga – Doug Keller (E-RYT 500) – YOGA PHILOSOPHY

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but my main interest in yoga started out

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with the meditation experience the

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spiritual experience and then from that

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I started to realize how important the

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hatha yoga practice is as part of that

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because in the beginning I didn’t

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understand it that clearly because my

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question is what does having flexible

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hamstrings have to do with meditation

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what does putting your leg behind your

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head have to do with going into a deep

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spiritual experience and as I did both

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studying practicing the philosophy the

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meditation and also practicing the

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austen of practice I started to

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understand more and more what the

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relationship between the two is but it

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leads to the question with which I want

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to begin today with the lecture in the

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philosophy excuse me is the question

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what is this whole thing yoga because

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what is yoga because there are so many

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kinds of yoga that you get interested do

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still today most people when you say

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yoga they think of the austen of

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practice the physical practice could be

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they think of the physical practice and

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of course people are aware that there’s

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meditation or the breath involved in

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yoga but people have a very vague idea

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of studying the history of yoga and

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taking a new look at the whole thing and

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in the book he says every group in every

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age has created its own version and its

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own vision of yoga one reason this has

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been possible is that the range of

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meanings of the term yoga is so broad

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and the concept of yoga is so easily

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shaped that it’s been possible to adjust

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its meaning to fit nearly any practice

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or process one chooses will find in the

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history of yoga there are many different

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practices of yoga or forms of yoga yoga

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is about what you are doing especially

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when you act with an aim or purpose and

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it’s especially applying or joining your

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intelligence and your awareness to what

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you’re doing or in English we have a

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saying you’re you put your mind to what

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you’re doing which means you really pay

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attention to what you’re doing or the

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mind is very involved in the action

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you’re concentrating very much does that

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make sense so it’s that action of

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joining your awareness to the action

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it’s that joining of your awareness to

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the action that really makes that a yoga

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you do it with intention and it also

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follows a method or a discipline all

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those different forms of what they call

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yoga in the earliest times involve some

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kind of method or some kind of

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discipline and it involved somebody

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doing the action with a lot of purpose

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or a clarity of purpose so the very

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concept of yoga always assumes there’s a

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certain way of doing things that work if

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you do it the right way it produces a

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result if you do it the wrong way you

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don’t get the same result or you don’t

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get the result that you’re looking for

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so Yoga involves not just putting two

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things together but it involves a

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purpose and intention and also a method

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or discipline or way of doing it it’s

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all this making sense so far so this is

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the general concept of yoga so it’s

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putting your mind to what you’re doing

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according to a method or discipline

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there produces a result and usually the

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result of yoga is it’s empowering it

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makes you more effective or makes you

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more effective in doing what you want to

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do or results in some kind of experience

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or result it results in dinner or

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results in a skill all of these come

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about through Union the real Union in

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yoga is joining your awareness to your

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action usually these days if you ask

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somebody what yoga means usually the

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answer is it means union with God or

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union with the divine or the experience

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of uniting with God that’s one of the

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meanings of yoga and even that spiritual

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experience comes about through a method

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or discipline of yoga but that’s only

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one meaning for yoga out of many

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different meanings and this helps us to

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understand what people are doing in the

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different forms of yoga basically I

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think yoga

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practice or yoga is an exploration of

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the power of practice especially when

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you engage in a certain practice like

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asana practice it’s not just about what

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pose you’re doing like trikonasana or

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warrior pose it’s everything about the

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discipline and your involvement in the

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discipline the yoga takes place inside

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as you’re doing the outer practice as

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you do the asana practice the real yoga

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is something happening inside your

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awareness inside your heart that changes

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you does that make sense I think the way

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I think of it is yoga is more like a

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verb than a now when people ask what is

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yoga there’s the concept that Yoga is

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some kind of thing they’re thinking what

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does yoga look like you know does it

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look like trichinosis Annette does it

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look like a pose does it look like

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somebody sitting and meditating they

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think of yoga as it’s some kind of thing

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that you’re trying to define and so they

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say yoga means one specific thing some

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people will say yoga means just

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meditation other people say Yoga is

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often a practice and that’s my

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meditation there are all these different

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forms because they’re looking for the

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appearance or the thing that defines

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yoga but yoga is more the action the

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verb than the thing that you’re doing

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which is very hard to grasp I think that

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it reminds me of a story a teacher used

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to tell me when I was in graduate school

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about Beethoven and one time he was

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working on one of his piano pieces and

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he invited one of his patrons over the

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lady was paying in money to create this

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piece and so he sat down at the piano

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and played the piece for the woman and

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she said that’s really beautiful what

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does it mean and he looked at her and he

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turned round and he played the piece

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over again and he could have said he

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could have tried to explain the piece

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Tori could have talked about what key

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was in what was what did he have in mind

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when he wrote it what feeling is it

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supposed to produce he could have talked

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about the the musical piece and the way

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that a music teacher teaches music

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appreciate

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but in the moment he was interested in

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just playing the piece and his point was

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that the meaning of the piece is in the

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experience of listening to it and you

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can talk about the piece afterwards and

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that may increase your appreciation of

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the music but the real appreciation of

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the music the real meaning comes in

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doing it not talking about it does that

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make sense talking about it makes the

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experience more clear what the

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experience happens in the experience

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this is the difference between yoga

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practice and yoga philosophy Yoga

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philosophy is talking about it just like

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he could have talked about the musical

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piece and that helps you to go more

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deeply into the experience and

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appreciate it more

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but that’s talking about yoga as if it’s

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a specific thing the real yoga is in

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playing the music the real yoga is in

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doing the practice whether it’s a

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practice of meditation or practicing

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pranayama or practicing asana while

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you’re inside the experience that action

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that doing that’s the yoga and the

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philosophy is talking about that and

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there are many different ways in which

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to experience yoga but Yoga lies in the

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experience no matter what is the action

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that you’re performing this makes sense

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and so this allows us to understand the

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different kinds of yoga that we

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encounter over time like I said as we go

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through the history of yoga we’ll see

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many different definitions of yoga many

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different forms of practice and once we

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understand that the essence of yoga is

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this action this experience then we can

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see how they distinguish the different

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kinds of yoga first of all you could

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define what kind of yogurt you’re doing

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in terms of the kind of action or method

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that you’re using so you have

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differences between Yanna yoga which is

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about knowledge or what we see is

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discrimination or what they call Vivica

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Karma Yoga which is experienced through

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actions through during service bhakti

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yoga which is experienced through

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devotion or devotional practices and of

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course hatha yoga do

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the off-center practice each different

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kind of yoga involves a different kind

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of method or a different kind of

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discipline

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well there’s physical postures or other

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kinds of practices that’s one thing that

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makes the difference between the

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different kinds of yoga the second is

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the intention or the purpose or what you

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want to achieve or experience from doing

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the yoga will see at different times the

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purpose within the Vedas of doing

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spiritual practice was to live a full

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and rewarding life and the Veda is the

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whole purpose of religion and

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spirituality is to live a successful

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life a life when what your needs are met

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and you’re basically happy and fulfilled

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and maybe you get to go to heaven after

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that too

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samkhya is a form of philosophy that

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comes a little bit after the Vedas and

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their perspective was to have the

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understanding that basically life

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involves suffering it involves pain it

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involves loss unhappiness and so to them

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to the people at practice some Thea if

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there’s any purpose to philosophy then

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it must be to reduce the experience of

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suffering to understand why suffering

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happens and what you can do to reduce

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your own suffering and the suffering of

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others and so the purpose altom Utley of

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some ket and other forms like Buddhism

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was finally liberation or moksha or the

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experience of freedom from suffering if

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you start with the assumption that life

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is suffering then the purpose of

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philosophy must be to free you from

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suffering and every practice you do

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every yoga you do should lead to this

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kind of liberation or this freedom from

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suffering Vedanta has a very different

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understanding of yoga they don’t focus

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upon suffering Vedanta says behind all

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of reality there is one spiritual

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reality which is Brahman we use the word

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God but God is not exactly a precise

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word for expressing what they mean by

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brahman but brahman is that divine power

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which is the support of all creation

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to them to achieve knowledge of Brahman

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the experience of Brahman or God within

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yourself that leads to enlightenment

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that leads to the fullness of knowledge

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and in that knowledge is such heed at

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under truth consciousness bliss the

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fullest form of happiness so the

266
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intention of Vedanta in practicing yoga

267
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is to achieve that knowledge and that

268
00:11:29,820 –> 00:11:32,370
experience of enlightenment the intent

269
00:11:32,370 –> 00:11:35,220
and purpose is Sankhya is very different

270
00:11:35,220 –> 00:11:37,560
it’s simply freedom from suffering and

271
00:11:37,560 –> 00:11:40,320
in fact some kia says that there is no

272
00:11:40,320 –> 00:11:42,750
God there is no Brahman there is only

273
00:11:42,750 –> 00:11:44,820
the soul and the only purpose of yoga

274
00:11:44,820 –> 00:11:46,710
for the soul is to be free from

275
00:11:46,710 –> 00:11:48,840
suffering and then when you get to

276
00:11:48,840 –> 00:11:51,660
Tantra and their forms of yoga

277
00:11:51,660 –> 00:11:53,940
that’s when actually for the first time

278
00:11:53,940 –> 00:11:57,180
they speak about uniting the soul the

279
00:11:57,180 –> 00:11:59,730
individual soul or Jeeva the bound soul

280
00:11:59,730 –> 00:12:02,910
with the divine and so they described

281
00:12:02,910 –> 00:12:05,130
the purpose of yoga as being Jeeva and

282
00:12:05,130 –> 00:12:08,190
multi to be liberated but to be

283
00:12:08,190 –> 00:12:10,800
liberated while in the body and to

284
00:12:10,800 –> 00:12:13,560
experience full knowledge and bliss and

285
00:12:13,560 –> 00:12:16,200
liberation basically Tantra wanted to

286
00:12:16,200 –> 00:12:19,230
have it all Tantra said you can

287
00:12:19,230 –> 00:12:22,200
experience liberation the experience

288
00:12:22,200 –> 00:12:24,690
knowledge and bliss and you can still

289
00:12:24,690 –> 00:12:27,060
have your body at the same time so

290
00:12:27,060 –> 00:12:29,070
Tantra wants everything the whole

291
00:12:29,070 –> 00:12:31,470
package all together and so all of the

292
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practices in Tantra are concerned with

293
00:12:34,080 –> 00:12:36,390
taking good care of the body so you can

294
00:12:36,390 –> 00:12:39,270
live in the body longer to focus on the

295
00:12:39,270 –> 00:12:41,310
experience of knowledge and getting true

296
00:12:41,310 –> 00:12:43,920
knowledge of your divine nature and at

297
00:12:43,920 –> 00:12:45,930
the same time understanding how to be

298
00:12:45,930 –> 00:12:47,820
free from suffering and to liberate

299
00:12:47,820 –> 00:12:51,780
yourself from suffering and in that they

300
00:12:51,780 –> 00:12:54,120
for the first time speak of this as a

301
00:12:54,120 –> 00:12:56,340
whole process that you go through of

302
00:12:56,340 –> 00:13:00,150
gross growth and in Tantra some forms of

303
00:13:00,150 –> 00:13:02,790
Tantra emphasized enlightenment or

304
00:13:02,790 –> 00:13:05,550
knowledge more and so they emphasize the

305
00:13:05,550 –> 00:13:09,420
Shiva aspect of yoga and some forms of

306
00:13:09,420 –> 00:13:12,810
Tantra emphasized power or empowerment

307
00:13:12,810 –> 00:13:15,180
more how you become more effective as a

308
00:13:15,180 –> 00:13:18,270
human being those forms of Tantra

309
00:13:18,270 –> 00:13:19,920
emphasize Shakti

310
00:13:19,920 –> 00:13:22,709
tantra has the two sides of shiva and

311
00:13:22,709 –> 00:13:25,860
shakhty the inner experience of

312
00:13:25,860 –> 00:13:28,260
knowledge and liberation the outer

313
00:13:28,260 –> 00:13:30,959
experience of power happiness less

314
00:13:30,959 –> 00:13:33,690
Tantra says it can be both of those but

315
00:13:33,690 –> 00:13:35,730
each of these kinds of yoga is very

316
00:13:35,730 –> 00:13:38,310
different because their understanding of

317
00:13:38,310 –> 00:13:40,380
their purpose is very different and so

318
00:13:40,380 –> 00:13:42,480
the methods that they use are also

319
00:13:42,480 –> 00:13:46,199
different all of this is yoga but each

320
00:13:46,199 –> 00:13:48,930
form of yoga each form is very different

321
00:13:48,930 –> 00:13:52,709
from the other forms and so we can come

322
00:13:52,709 –> 00:13:55,310
to look at yoga as it’s practiced today

323
00:13:55,310 –> 00:13:57,329
because the kind of yoga that we

324
00:13:57,329 –> 00:13:59,970
practice today is actually something

325
00:13:59,970 –> 00:14:01,680
that’s been reinvented in the last

326
00:14:01,680 –> 00:14:04,949
hundred years or 150 years what we’re

327
00:14:04,949 –> 00:14:06,899
doing today is actually very different

328
00:14:06,899 –> 00:14:09,240
from what’s been done in the past and

329
00:14:09,240 –> 00:14:12,779
the roots of what we do today and many

330
00:14:12,779 –> 00:14:15,660
of the ideas go back to the ideas that

331
00:14:15,660 –> 00:14:17,399
came from the past but our

332
00:14:17,399 –> 00:14:19,410
interpretation our experience of this

333
00:14:19,410 –> 00:14:21,540
today has become very different but we

334
00:14:21,540 –> 00:14:24,390
can look at yoga as we practice it today

335
00:14:24,390 –> 00:14:27,000
what are the kinds of actions or methods

336
00:14:27,000 –> 00:14:30,329
that we use and what is our purpose yoga

337
00:14:30,329 –> 00:14:32,310
as most people experience it today is

338
00:14:32,310 –> 00:14:35,699
mainly about the asana practice what

339
00:14:35,699 –> 00:14:38,310
people come to the studio to do the

340
00:14:38,310 –> 00:14:40,140
different routines they’re stronger the

341
00:14:40,140 –> 00:14:42,630
Iyengar the different kinds of yoga and

342
00:14:42,630 –> 00:14:45,630
along with this emphasis upon asana or

343
00:14:45,630 –> 00:14:48,170
posture there’s some emphasis upon

344
00:14:48,170 –> 00:14:51,240
meditation or at least we talked about

345
00:14:51,240 –> 00:14:53,519
it a lot so people feel like it’s a yoga

346
00:14:53,519 –> 00:14:55,440
you know but also if we talk about

347
00:14:55,440 –> 00:14:58,470
meditation very often teachers speak of

348
00:14:58,470 –> 00:15:01,610
it or we speak of it more in terms of

349
00:15:01,610 –> 00:15:06,000
stress relief or creating emotional

350
00:15:06,000 –> 00:15:08,640
stability we do meditation in order to

351
00:15:08,640 –> 00:15:10,829
become stronger more free from stress

352
00:15:10,829 –> 00:15:13,649
and then the spiritual goals what we’re

353
00:15:13,649 –> 00:15:15,839
meant to achieve is kind of vague but we

354
00:15:15,839 –> 00:15:17,160
know that it’s supposed to meet bring

355
00:15:17,160 –> 00:15:19,500
about some kind of spiritual result or

356
00:15:19,500 –> 00:15:21,389
enlightenment and I think many people

357
00:15:21,389 –> 00:15:23,819
have a confused idea about enlightenment

358
00:15:23,819 –> 00:15:26,819
today because I run into a lot of teeth

359
00:15:26,819 –> 00:15:28,829
people who say I like this teacher very

360
00:15:28,829 –> 00:15:32,069
much he seems very enlightened as if

361
00:15:32,069 –> 00:15:33,820
they’re all these Saints walking around

362
00:15:33,820 –> 00:15:35,500
yoga studios you know if they look

363
00:15:35,500 –> 00:15:37,300
enlightened they must be enlightened and

364
00:15:37,300 –> 00:15:40,000
I was asked what does that mean how why

365
00:15:40,000 –> 00:15:41,200
do you think they’re enlightened and

366
00:15:41,200 –> 00:15:43,030
they’re like they say well he seems so

367
00:15:43,030 –> 00:15:45,340
spiritual or she seems so spiritual

368
00:15:45,340 –> 00:15:47,560
which at this point I become quiet

369
00:15:47,560 –> 00:15:48,880
because it just makes me a little bit

370
00:15:48,880 –> 00:15:49,480
crazy

371
00:15:49,480 –> 00:15:51,970
well there’s anything we have kind of an

372
00:15:51,970 –> 00:15:53,950
idea that there’s a spiritual purpose to

373
00:15:53,950 –> 00:15:56,590
yoga but we’re not clear exactly how

374
00:15:56,590 –> 00:16:01,210
that comes about what is unique about

375
00:16:01,210 –> 00:16:04,420
yoga as we practice it today in the

376
00:16:04,420 –> 00:16:07,330
twentieth century and the 21st century

377
00:16:07,330 –> 00:16:09,940
even in hatha yoga is we emphasize

378
00:16:09,940 –> 00:16:13,390
sequencing which means how you put the

379
00:16:13,390 –> 00:16:17,440
postures together in a flow also inside

380
00:16:17,440 –> 00:16:19,360
of a posture how do you get into

381
00:16:19,360 –> 00:16:21,760
tricking asana what are the actions that

382
00:16:21,760 –> 00:16:23,680
you make in order to do the pose

383
00:16:23,680 –> 00:16:26,680
trikonasana and how do you connect that

384
00:16:26,680 –> 00:16:29,170
pose to the pose that comes after what’s

385
00:16:29,170 –> 00:16:31,690
a good sequence that produces health or

386
00:16:31,690 –> 00:16:34,720
strength or flexibility there’s also

387
00:16:34,720 –> 00:16:37,480
always a method to produce a result

388
00:16:37,480 –> 00:16:40,090
about it and this concept of sequencing

389
00:16:40,090 –> 00:16:43,090
is actually very new if you look at the

390
00:16:43,090 –> 00:16:44,700
older texts like hatha yoga pradipika

391
00:16:44,700 –> 00:16:47,290
they don’t say anything about how you

392
00:16:47,290 –> 00:16:49,840
put the poses together they just say

393
00:16:49,840 –> 00:16:51,730
this is this pose this is how you do it

394
00:16:51,730 –> 00:16:53,800
that’s that pose that’s how you do it

395
00:16:53,800 –> 00:16:56,170
and that’s what it looks like there’s no

396
00:16:56,170 –> 00:16:58,260
discussion of this kind of connection so

397
00:16:58,260 –> 00:17:00,760
this idea of connection between the

398
00:17:00,760 –> 00:17:03,750
poses is actually a very new concept

399
00:17:03,750 –> 00:17:06,490
it’s both the linking together of a

400
00:17:06,490 –> 00:17:09,550
series of poses it’s also inside of a

401
00:17:09,550 –> 00:17:11,740
pose how do you do put the different

402
00:17:11,740 –> 00:17:14,439
actions together when we study the

403
00:17:14,439 –> 00:17:18,339
therapeutics of yoga it’s also to look

404
00:17:18,339 –> 00:17:21,130
even inside of a pose if somebody has a

405
00:17:21,130 –> 00:17:23,260
therapeutic problem like a hamstring

406
00:17:23,260 –> 00:17:26,650
injury or hip problem or a problem in

407
00:17:26,650 –> 00:17:29,170
the lower back how do you do specific

408
00:17:29,170 –> 00:17:31,990
actions inside of a pose that produces

409
00:17:31,990 –> 00:17:34,120
the benefit of healing the hamstring

410
00:17:34,120 –> 00:17:36,340
injury or reducing the pain in the back

411
00:17:36,340 –> 00:17:38,440
or helping with the shoulder injury

412
00:17:38,440 –> 00:17:40,780
this idea of sequencing or linking

413
00:17:40,780 –> 00:17:43,810
together is a very modern concept and I

414
00:17:43,810 –> 00:17:45,510
think it’s what’s very unique about

415
00:17:45,510 –> 00:17:47,380
yoga’s we do it today

416
00:17:47,380 –> 00:17:49,179
especially because we have a lot more

417
00:17:49,179 –> 00:17:53,080
awareness of anatomy or kinesiology how

418
00:17:53,080 –> 00:17:55,059
the body works when you look at the

419
00:17:55,059 –> 00:17:57,580
older hatha yoga texts they talk about

420
00:17:57,580 –> 00:18:00,490
the organic systems and the overall

421
00:18:00,490 –> 00:18:02,830
energy or health of the body but they

422
00:18:02,830 –> 00:18:04,750
don’t really speak about the physical

423
00:18:04,750 –> 00:18:07,270
anatomy of the body or how that an

424
00:18:07,270 –> 00:18:10,150
Anatomy works in the posture they just

425
00:18:10,150 –> 00:18:12,460
say for these benefits you do this pose

426
00:18:12,460 –> 00:18:15,220
by asana where you do this pose guard

427
00:18:15,220 –> 00:18:17,860
asana but they don’t discuss the

428
00:18:17,860 –> 00:18:20,470
specifics of alignment we have much more

429
00:18:20,470 –> 00:18:22,450
awareness of the physiology of the body

430
00:18:22,450 –> 00:18:28,090
and how that relates to yoga and this

431
00:18:28,090 –> 00:18:31,120
whole concept of sequencing aims at

432
00:18:31,120 –> 00:18:33,280
progress or improvement of our physical

433
00:18:33,280 –> 00:18:35,350
abilities or at least people want to

434
00:18:35,350 –> 00:18:37,750
know how to do the pose better they want

435
00:18:37,750 –> 00:18:41,320
to know how to do the process the

436
00:18:41,320 –> 00:18:44,440
practice productively and they also want

437
00:18:44,440 –> 00:18:46,450
to know what’s the benefit where do I

438
00:18:46,450 –> 00:18:48,789
get from doing this practice a lot of

439
00:18:48,789 –> 00:18:51,789
the roots that you find in the Sanskrit

440
00:18:51,789 –> 00:18:53,710
is actually similar to the Latin roots

441
00:18:53,710 –> 00:18:55,840
which show up in our own language in

442
00:18:55,840 –> 00:18:59,559
different ways like again the the root

443
00:18:59,559 –> 00:19:02,909
huge from yoga which means to join

444
00:19:02,909 –> 00:19:05,350
that’s at the center of the word comes

445
00:19:05,350 –> 00:19:08,830
conjugate in the german when you

446
00:19:08,830 –> 00:19:13,630
conjugate verbs is it yeah huge yoga is

447
00:19:13,630 –> 00:19:16,330
at the center of that word to conjugate

448
00:19:16,330 –> 00:19:18,429
words is how you join or put words

449
00:19:18,429 –> 00:19:19,750
together in a way that makes them

450
00:19:19,750 –> 00:19:21,970
meaningful so again it’s that sense of

451
00:19:21,970 –> 00:19:23,679
joining which is the essence of that

452
00:19:23,679 –> 00:19:26,289
that huge or that yoga it’s it’s

453
00:19:26,289 –> 00:19:28,179
interesting to find the similarities in

454
00:19:28,179 –> 00:19:31,720
the language as it comes throughout the

455
00:19:31,720 –> 00:19:34,720
last thing about modern yoga or

456
00:19:34,720 –> 00:19:37,030
contemporary yoga I talked about the

457
00:19:37,030 –> 00:19:39,400
intention of Health where many people

458
00:19:39,400 –> 00:19:40,929
come to yoga for the sake of better

459
00:19:40,929 –> 00:19:43,480
health and not just through the asana

460
00:19:43,480 –> 00:19:45,190
practice but through meditation and

461
00:19:45,190 –> 00:19:47,440
different forms of relaxation that’s

462
00:19:47,440 –> 00:19:49,929
very important and there’s also in

463
00:19:49,929 –> 00:19:52,990
modern yoga and emphasis upon spiritual

464
00:19:52,990 –> 00:19:56,140
values especially as social values I

465
00:19:56,140 –> 00:19:57,970
mean a lot of teachers these days are

466
00:19:57,970 –> 00:20:00,309
talking about how you practice yoga off

467
00:20:00,309 –> 00:20:00,909
the map

468
00:20:00,909 –> 00:20:02,769
how you do something for other people

469
00:20:02,769 –> 00:20:06,159
how you work with people in different

470
00:20:06,159 –> 00:20:08,799
situations poor people people in prisons

471
00:20:08,799 –> 00:20:10,509
in America there are different programs

472
00:20:10,509 –> 00:20:13,210
for this there’s a feeling that when you

473
00:20:13,210 –> 00:20:15,759
do yoga for your own spiritual growth

474
00:20:15,759 –> 00:20:17,919
you should also be doing something that

475
00:20:17,919 –> 00:20:21,159
benefits other people in a social way is

476
00:20:21,159 –> 00:20:21,759
that clear

477
00:20:21,759 –> 00:20:24,330
that’s actually a fairly modern idea

478
00:20:24,330 –> 00:20:26,739
this idea that spiritual of inner

479
00:20:26,739 –> 00:20:28,509
spiritual Valarie values should be

480
00:20:28,509 –> 00:20:31,149
connected to outer spiritual values or

481
00:20:31,149 –> 00:20:33,429
helping others you don’t really find

482
00:20:33,429 –> 00:20:35,529
that that much in the early yoga

483
00:20:35,529 –> 00:20:37,570
philosophy you’ll find the Buddhists

484
00:20:37,570 –> 00:20:40,029
talking about compassion and uplifting

485
00:20:40,029 –> 00:20:41,559
others and it’s usually through

486
00:20:41,559 –> 00:20:42,820
spiritual upliftment

487
00:20:42,820 –> 00:20:46,349
I think the roots of that the whole

488
00:20:46,349 –> 00:20:49,389
expectation that the yoga should lead to

489
00:20:49,389 –> 00:20:52,840
social good or social action I think the

490
00:20:52,840 –> 00:20:54,970
roots of that are more in Europe than

491
00:20:54,970 –> 00:20:56,289
they were in the original India

492
00:20:56,289 –> 00:20:58,269
especially when you look at the Middle

493
00:20:58,269 –> 00:21:01,450
Ages at the time of hatha yoga the 13th

494
00:21:01,450 –> 00:21:04,629
or 14th century even particularly in

495
00:21:04,629 –> 00:21:06,789
German my favorite in Germany my

496
00:21:06,789 –> 00:21:09,729
favorite Christian mystic was meister

497
00:21:09,729 –> 00:21:12,700
eckhart who lived in the 13th 14th

498
00:21:12,700 –> 00:21:15,070
century and the movements of his time in

499
00:21:15,070 –> 00:21:18,159
Europe and especially in in Germany in

500
00:21:18,159 –> 00:21:20,440
conjunction with the begins or the

501
00:21:20,440 –> 00:21:22,929
beginners who were both in France and in

502
00:21:22,929 –> 00:21:24,700
Germany all of these people who are

503
00:21:24,700 –> 00:21:26,499
practicing their Christianity and

504
00:21:26,499 –> 00:21:29,349
emphasizing how the spiritual values of

505
00:21:29,349 –> 00:21:31,119
Christianity should be expressed through

506
00:21:31,119 –> 00:21:33,539
social work through helping other people

507
00:21:33,539 –> 00:21:36,129
that wasn’t even something that the

508
00:21:36,129 –> 00:21:38,259
Catholic Church necessarily believed in

509
00:21:38,259 –> 00:21:40,599
the Pope at that time certainly was not

510
00:21:40,599 –> 00:21:42,429
practicing that but she had people

511
00:21:42,429 –> 00:21:44,109
within Europe and specifically in

512
00:21:44,109 –> 00:21:47,139
Germany promoting spiritual values and

513
00:21:47,139 –> 00:21:49,509
social values to where Eckhart was

514
00:21:49,509 –> 00:21:51,849
saying you’re not really complete as a

515
00:21:51,849 –> 00:21:55,059
spiritual being if you’re not acting for

516
00:21:55,059 –> 00:21:56,649
justice in the world to establish

517
00:21:56,649 –> 00:21:59,470
greater justice or greater equality in

518
00:21:59,470 –> 00:21:59,950
the world

519
00:21:59,950 –> 00:22:02,639
it says when you find your own inner

520
00:22:02,639 –> 00:22:06,159
union with God or equality with God you

521
00:22:06,159 –> 00:22:08,590
try to make that equality real in the

522
00:22:08,590 –> 00:22:11,019
outer world that’s a very European and

523
00:22:11,019 –> 00:22:13,779
even a Christian concept and not only

524
00:22:13,779 –> 00:22:14,530
Christian

525
00:22:14,530 –> 00:22:17,470
but it’s also very modern concept and as

526
00:22:17,470 –> 00:22:20,400
that became part of the ethics of

527
00:22:20,400 –> 00:22:23,050
European spirituality that also became

528
00:22:23,050 –> 00:22:25,240
the ethics of American spirituality

529
00:22:25,240 –> 00:22:27,490
through people like Emerson and Thoreau

530
00:22:27,490 –> 00:22:29,290
and the different philosophers of the

531
00:22:29,290 –> 00:22:32,620
19th century in America I’m saying this

532
00:22:32,620 –> 00:22:36,130
because when yoga came to the West to

533
00:22:36,130 –> 00:22:39,760
Europe to England you know mainland

534
00:22:39,760 –> 00:22:42,010
Europe also to England and to the United

535
00:22:42,010 –> 00:22:44,770
States people had this expectation that

536
00:22:44,770 –> 00:22:46,660
if you’re doing spiritual practice it

537
00:22:46,660 –> 00:22:48,490
also means you work for social good

538
00:22:48,490 –> 00:22:50,580
where did that come from

539
00:22:50,580 –> 00:22:52,930
not from the original philosophies of

540
00:22:52,930 –> 00:22:55,420
yoga it was an expectation that we have

541
00:22:55,420 –> 00:22:57,730
and I think that’s a good thing that’s

542
00:22:57,730 –> 00:22:59,860
an addition to yoga it’s an

543
00:22:59,860 –> 00:23:01,030
understanding that makes our

544
00:23:01,030 –> 00:23:03,940
understanding of yoga even fuller but my

545
00:23:03,940 –> 00:23:06,430
point is also that yoga some people are

546
00:23:06,430 –> 00:23:08,800
trying to say yoga belongs just to India

547
00:23:08,800 –> 00:23:11,140
and it’s only yoga as its defined by

548
00:23:11,140 –> 00:23:14,980
India and the truth is our understanding

549
00:23:14,980 –> 00:23:16,960
of yoga as part of the world community

550
00:23:16,960 –> 00:23:20,620
now is much bigger and broader and more

551
00:23:20,620 –> 00:23:23,320
inclusive than the original ideas that

552
00:23:23,320 –> 00:23:25,840
you found within India Yoga does belong

553
00:23:25,840 –> 00:23:28,540
to the whole world at this point even if

554
00:23:28,540 –> 00:23:30,760
its roots did begin in India the

555
00:23:30,760 –> 00:23:33,190
influence of how the rest of the world

556
00:23:33,190 –> 00:23:35,320
has taken yoga interpreted it and

557
00:23:35,320 –> 00:23:37,810
practiced that made it a world

558
00:23:37,810 –> 00:23:40,150
spirituality and not a spirituality

559
00:23:40,150 –> 00:23:42,520
that’s limited to just one religion or

560
00:23:42,520 –> 00:23:45,070
one place in the world I think part of

561
00:23:45,070 –> 00:23:47,710
our expectations about yoga are part of

562
00:23:47,710 –> 00:23:50,350
how that has grown in our understanding

563
00:23:50,350 –> 00:00:00,000
of yoga and to me that’s a good thing

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