Postmenopause is a period of time that begins with the termination of menstruation and lasts up to 65-69 years. This segment in life is also called the climacteric period in women. In the first three years of postmenopause, single follicles can still appear in the ovaries, but eventually disappear completely. So, what is postmenopause and how to deal with it.
Problems of postmenopause.
As a result of the lack of female hormones in the postmenopausal period, serious violations can occur in women. They are divided into early, early pre-menopausal, middle-aged and late. The median period of postmenopause begins 4 years after the termination of menstruation and is characterized.
from the skin and mucous membranes – dry skin, wrinkles, increased fragility of hair and nails, dry mouth and respiratory tract.
from the mucous membrane of the vagina – pain, arising from sexual contact, frequent inflammation of the mucosa, dryness and general discomfort.
urethral disorders – frequent urination, urine in coughing, laughter, runny nose, frequent inflammation of the kidneys and bladder.
Late postmenopausal symptoms appear 6-7 years after menstruation ceased. Such manifestations often include cardiovascular diseases. Not everyone knows that such a concept as postmenopause is related to osteoporosis in women. During this period, the risk of developing this disease is quite high among women.
suffered fractures over the age of 50 years.
smokers and alcohol abusers.
with a disease of the thyroid gland, liver.
leading sedentary lifestyle.
If you fall into one of the risk groups, it is necessary after the termination of regular menstruation, no matter how long the postmenopause lasts, to take preventive measures aimed at combating osteoporosis. Otherwise, after 5-7 years, 25-50% of bone mass may be lost.
Treatment during postmenopause.
Before starting the treatment of postmenopause, or rather violations that occur against its background, women are recommended to undergo examinations to identify all the hormonal parameters, because they can fluctuate depending on the period of menopause. In post-menopause, the hormone norm is 9.3-100.6 FSH, the progesterone is less than 0.64, and the norm of LH in the blood is 14.2-52.3, with other parameters, the individual hormone replacement therapy must be prescribed by a gynecologist.
Regardless of the treatment, it is recommended that each woman do the following.
periodically measure the pressure in the morning and evening, monitor its changes.
visit a gynecologist for putting a smear on the flora, and also do half-yearly ultrasound of the reproductive organs and a monogram.
adhere to a balanced diet, low-calorie food, limit the intake of salt, alcohol.
to check the level of cholesterol in the blood every six months.
take vitamin-mineral complex and multivitamins, plant biocomplexes.
to lead a healthy and correct lifestyle. move more, walk in the fresh air.
The main advice to every woman who feels that the postmenopausal period is just around the corner is to tune in to the fact that all the hormonal changes taking place in the body are the norm. Do not be nervous and do not associate it with something negative, but perceive it as a certain period a new period of life in which there are advantages.