To date, doctors in our country, psychotherapists, specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders, are afraid to be afraid. After all, an appeal to a good psychologist or psychotherapist, even for advice, is perceived by most citizens as a hint of possible madness. As a result, those who suffer from panic attacks prefer not to advertise their problem, enthusiastically experiencing the available novelties of pharmacology or recipes from “real” healers. The result is obvious – the disease goes to the stage when expensive and long-term clinical treatment is required.
Sudden “hot flashes”, palpitations, shivering (tremors) of limbs, unreasonable weakness and night sweats – all these symptoms can testify not only to problems with the heart and endocrine system, but also point to disagreements with the nervous system or psychological distress.
And if the therapist, cardiologist and endocrinologist just get their hands up in response to complaints about strange changes in health, it is necessary to seek the advice of a psychologist or psychotherapist. Timely appeal to specialists of this profile in the psychological center will allow not only to assess the state of health as accurately as possible, but also, if symptoms of psychosomatic character are revealed, correctly prevent deterioration and prescribe the right therapy.
The causes of panic attacks
To cause, it would seem, an absolutely causeless state of fear can:
• chronic stress caused by excessive mental and emotional stress;
• increased anxiety associated with unrest for the condition of family members, relatives, their social status;
• intoxication of the body due to uncontrolled intake of tonic, alcohol or nicotine;
• hypodynamia, developed against a background of low physical activity, or problems with sleep.
For the most accurate diagnosis, not only all possible causes of panic attacks are taken into account, but deeper “roots” of phobias are also being considered. For the onset of a nervous breakdown, there are sometimes enough circumstances that reproduce a long-forgotten emotional experience or a psychotrauma. On the basis of the evaluation of the psychological background and possible reasons for the inadequate response of the organism to stressful situations, the identification of the disorder and the selection of an individual complex of treatment or psychoanalysis depend on.
Principle of treatment of panic disorders
Panic attacks, like any of the psychosomatic disorders, are poorly suited to drug treatment. Tablets can only remove the current attack or temporarily suppress symptoms. However, the only guarantee of a complete escape from the outbursts of horror or panic is to identify, work out and eliminate the causes of the psychological nature that cause an inadequate reaction of the organism in certain life situations. This possibility is provided by psychoanalytic therapy or psychoanalysis.
Currently, the main type of treatment for panic attacks is a combined method, when simultaneously with the appointment of an individual complex of medicinal preparations necessary for stabilizing the hormonal background and the nervous system, psychological help is provided. An obligatory condition is the passage of a course of psychotherapy, the duration of which is set individually, depending on the complexity or neglect of each case and the characteristics of a person’s character. An important factor that influences the success of the healing process is the readiness to acknowledge your illness and make every effort to fight it.
Medication is an adjunct to psychotherapy and, in general, is used to normalize the work of the body. As a rule, several types of various medicines are used for treatment. In parallel with the drugs of the group of beta-blockers who stop panic attacks, calming and excitatory tranquilizers, as well as long-acting antidepressants, can be prescribed. The only way to find the right kind of drugs and their dosage, as well as adjust the course of treatment, is the specialist.
Independently get rid of panic attacks is not possible. Do not forget the reluctance to recognize the existing problem and the fascination with a variety of “pills” usually leads to serious illnesses and addictions. In “games” with the psyche, if an experienced psychotherapist or a good psychologist who is ill does not participate in them, he will not be the winner, under any circumstances.