Any violations of the menstrual cycle are subject to mandatory additional examination in order to establish their causes. And the sooner this is done, the better. In time, an unseen woman risks facing serious reproductive problems, including infertility.
Menstrual cycle of a woman.
Menstrual cycle of a woman is a physiological process characterized by cyclic changes in a woman’s body, which take place under the influence of the nervous and endocrine systems. The sex glands of a woman (ovaries) excrete female sex hormones, under the influence of which maturation occurs in the ovary of the egg, its exit into the abdominal cavity and into the fallopian tube (ovulation), where it is fertilized by the spermatozoon. The fertilized egg is introduced into the uterus’s mucous membrane prepared for it and pregnancy begins to develop. If pregnancy does not occur, the hormonal effect stops, which causes rejection of the mucous membrane of the uterus, which is accompanied by bleeding – menstruation. The first day of menstruation is also the first day of the new menstrual cycle.
The isolation of female sex hormones is regulated by hormones of the pituitary gland – the main gland of internal secretion in the body. But even over the pituitary gland there is a “boss” – this is the part of the brain called the hypothalamus. It regulates all endocrine activity in the human body.
What is oligomenorea and why it may occur.
Oligomenorrhea is a violation of the menstrual cycle, which is expressed in a very short duration of menstruation (from several hours to two days). Often, oligomenorrhea is combined with such disorders as very rare menstruation (with an interval of 35 days to three months – opsonomena) and meager menstruation (hypomenorrhea). The combination of oligomenorrhoea with oposmenoreia and hypomenorrhea is called hypomenstrual syndrome. Lean monthly or hypomanstrual syndrome is a signal to action.
The cause of hypomenensual syndrome is a decrease in the function of the pituitary and ovaries under the influence of various factors and disruption of the hypothalamus. Oligomenorea can be primary and secondary. Primary oligomenorrhea is more often the nature of congenital neurohumoral insufficiency or congenital anomaly of the structure of the genital organs and appears immediately with the onset of the menstrual cycle, that is, with the arrival of the first menstruation. Secondary oligomenorrhea develops against a background of some other disease (for example, the inflammatory process of the female genital organs) against the background of the already established normal menstrual cycle.
Oligomenorrhoea is often one of the signs of a violation of the endocrine system. In young girls, this symptom is often combined with excess weight, a decrease in immunity and a violation of the sebaceous glands, which lead to the appearance of a long-flowing acne. Acne: facial troubles. With changes on the part of the organs regulating the activity of the sexual glands, such violations as body structure and hairiness in the male type may appear: increased hair growth in uncharacteristic places for women, muscle development and fat deposition in places more characteristic of the male body. These girls have decreased sexual desire.
Chronic hormonal failure leads to poor supply of blood to the uterus and disruption of cyclic changes in its internal mucosa.
Oligomenorea can develop with congenital underdevelopment of the uterus and ovaries, chronic inflammatory process in the uterus (endometritis), tumor-like proliferation of mucosal segments in the uterine muscle (endometriosis), after surgical operations that have violated the integrity of the inner layer of the uterus (for example, after abortions, Further.
The correct diagnosis can be made only after a thorough examination and identify the causes of the menstrual cycle. First of all, the blood is examined for hormones, then hidden infections and anomalies in the development of the reproductive system are identified. Assign an x-ray, ultrasound, endoscopy examination. Only a complete examination can be the basis for the appointment of treatment.
Treatment oligomenorrhea must take into account all possible changes in the body of a woman. When detecting neurohumoral changes at any level, hormone therapy is treated with hormonal drugs – not only contraceptives.
If anomalies of development or any organic changes (with a change in the structure of the organ, for example, adhesions) have been detected in the reproductive organs, then they are treated in an operative way. For the treatment of inflammatory processes, antibacterial drugs and physiotherapeutic procedures are prescribed. Improving the blood supply of the pelvic organs is achieved by special physical exercises Myths about physical exercises: do not believe.
Oligomenorrhea is a testimony to the unhappiness in a woman’s body, which requires an additional examination.