From early childhood, every girl presents herself as a mother, playing with her friends in “daughter-mothers” or simply wrapping a doll in a diaper, imagining that this is a child. Time rushes, everything changes, the girl grows up, and similar games become real, and are surrounded by a number of problems. What seemed so simple to us in childhood, it becomes a difficult and sometimes unrealizable test in terms of implementation. As you already guessed, it is about the difficulties of conception and bearing.
The not always conceived is easily realized, especially if the question directly concerns the functioning of the reproductive system. This complex department of the female body, which depends on the hormonal “geyser” of the body, puts a lot of obstacles on the way to procreation and requires an attentive and sensitive attitude. To understand the problems of conception and gestation, you need to plunge into the world of the monthly cycle. Just in it and hidden all the answers to questions.
The subtle and complex world of the menstrual cycle.
The entire menstrual cycle can be divided into three phases, the “control levers” of which are in the hands of estrogen and progesterone.
The follicular phase. During this period, the hormone-estrogen predominates in the body of a woman. Under its action, the main dominant follicle is extracted, which nurtures an egg for fertilization. Simultaneously, a medium is prepared for implantation of the fetal egg.
The ovulatory phase. At the end of the first phase, which lasts an average of 12-16 days, the time of ovulation comes. The egg is released from the follicle and sent to the fallopian tubes to meet a targeted sperm cell. It is during this period of the cycle, which takes only 24 hours, that conception should occur.
Luteal phase. Now it is time for increased secretion of progesterone by the yellow body of the ovary. Endometrium is fully ready for implantation of the fetal egg. If fertilization has occurred, progesterone will continue to prevail in the body to maintain pregnancy. If not, menstruation will begin.
Now it is clear that estrogen-progesterone insufficiency threatens with the impossibility of ovulation and pregnancy disruption.
The importance of estrogen in a woman’s life.
Estrogen is a steroid hormone produced by the follicular apparatus of the ovaries. From the moment of the onset of sexual activity to menopause, estrogen is regularly produced in the body of a woman, responsible for memory and the normal course of the menstrual cycle.
Insufficiency and excess of this hormone equally badly influences the periodicity of menstruation, knocking it down from a normal rhythm. In addition, it forms tumor processes and causes infertility.
Under the influence of estrogen, an endometrial layer develops throughout the entire follicular phase, up to ovulation. As soon as fertilization has occurred, the walls of the uterus will be ready to receive a fetal egg. With a lack of estrogen, the endometrium will develop an insufficient layer for implantation and, accordingly, pregnancy will not occur.
The importance of progesterone in a woman’s life.
Progesterone is a faithful “partner” and an estrogen satellite, which is responsible for a variety of processes.
In addition, it acts relaxing on the smooth muscles of the reproductive organs and reduces the likelihood of premature uterine contraction. Throughout the cycle, its concentration in the blood then increases, then decreases. This phenomenon is considered the norm and is characteristic of a healthy menstrual cycle of a woman.
A sharp and significant increase in progesterone is observed during pregnancy, but a decrease may be evidence of a health problem. Especially dangerous is the decrease in progesterone in the period of gestation. This is the main reason for pregnancy disruption.
Symptoms of estrogen-progesterone insufficiency.
The main symptoms of hormonal deficiency are.
constant failure with conception, infertility.
abortion at an early age.
lowering of body temperature.
meteorisms and swellings.
disease of mammary glands.
In addition, spotting spotting may appear several days before the onset of menstruation or in the middle of the cycle. Also amenorrhea or oligomenorrhoea is not excluded.
However, insufficiency is sometimes not accompanied by any symptoms and is hidden from the woman. Estrogen-progesterone failure can only be determined with the help of a laboratory blood test.
The causes of hormonal disorders.
With symptoms and signs, everything is clear and understandable. But over the causes of the failure, scientists have been racking their brains for years. However, despite all the difficulties, they managed to establish a list of the main reasons.
eating certain foods that have hormones in their diet. If you constantly eat them, then the work of the body’s glands is gradually suppressed, and they produce natural hormones in the required quantities.
disruption of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. This failure usually occurs as a result of stress, excessive physical exertion, infections and inflammatory processes in the brain.
the production of adrenals and ovaries an excessive amount of androgens.
production in excess amounts of hormone-prolactin.
inflammatory processes of uterine appendages.
disruption of the thyroid gland.
In addition to the above general causes, there are a number of other factors affecting estrogen-progesterone insufficiency.
slowing the fetal development of the fetus is not always, but in most cases leads to a decrease in progesterone in the blood.
a delayed pregnancy. After 32 weeks, the level of hormones decreases markedly.
hormonal imbalance, caused by stress, lack of vitamins, etc.
uterine bleeding and the threat of abortion. In this case, there is a shortage of progesterone, which can be provoked by a threat from the outside.
taking medicines. Self-medication often leads to complications, which are caused by improper selection of medications. Especially cautious treatment should be treated during pregnancy.
development of malignant formations. Often during pregnancy, diseases, including tumors, become aggravated. Previously sleeping and quietly existing cancer cells, under the influence of the hormonal background can wake up and begin to progress.
Treatment of estrogen-progesterone insufficiency.
Unfortunately, estrogen-progesterone insufficiency does not have universal treatment with either medication or traditional medicine. Like the treatment of any disease, the restoration of hormone deficiency should be under strict doctor control and be individualized. However, there are still clear steps, which all specialists adhere to.
Carrying out all necessary analyzes.
analysis for hormones.
A smear on the flora from the vagina.
The appointment of hormonal drugs (dyufaston, morning, etc.)
In addition to the main treatment, you must make every possible effort, depending on you. Try to restore the diet and throw all bad habits (smoking, alcohol), if any.
Treat your health responsibly, especially during the conception and bearing of the fetus. After all, the success of pregnancy and delivery itself depends on your attitude.