Help with prolonged melancholy and depression

Sometimes the spleen lasts a long time. Most doctors agree that two weeks of bad health is the right indication that it’s time for you to take active measures. Of course, if something tragic has happened, such as death, you will need more than a few days to recover.

For some of us, to cope with emotions and bad mood, psychotherapy is a natural or even necessary choice. We can regularly undergo therapy, even if at the moment we are not struggling with chronic depression or anxiety; Or to visit a specialist for a short time to cope with a break in relations or certain difficulties at work.

The main types of therapy for depression, depression, anxiety

As you probably know, there are a lot of different theories and directions of psychotherapy. Many modern therapists resort to a combination of different approaches. They call their methodology “eclectic”, or “complex.” And although different directions partially overlap, each has its own characteristic features. If you are considering the possibility of therapy, you can try to find a specialist whose approach best suits your needs, or discuss this with the therapist during your first visit.

Cognitive psychotherapy

KP traditionally considers the problems of mental health as the result of irrational thoughts, from which we develop some unpleasant habits (say, anxiety or eccentricity) and negative emotions. The therapist works with you to change your way of thinking, and then, in turn, your behavior changes. You can start CP with an irrational thought (for example, “I just failed in the interview, I’m a jerk, my life is over”). The psychotherapist will try to show you that this way of thinking is unrealistic, will show you how unproductive this reaction is, and help you change the habitual way of thinking to a more realistic one (ie, “I did not pass this interview, but I have many more interesting things in my life , And there will be other interviews “), CP is considered a particularly effective approach for treating depression and anxiety.

Psychodynamic Therapy

The father of this type of psychotherapy was Freud. Psychodynamic therapy is also called psychoanalysis, insight therapy, ego psychology, and Jung’s analytical psychology. But since 1900 psychodynamic theory has come a long way. It unites theories of Freud with the most modern approaches (and leaves behind the misogynistic ideas of Freud, which do not do him credit). Modern methods of psychoanalysis include free associations (you lie on the couch and talk) and attach great importance to children’s experiences – which often persist in the subconscious – in shaping who you are right now.

The work of the therapist is the slow detection of unconscious feelings with the conviction that when you understand where they come from, you can work on them and change your life. Psychodynamic therapy is especially suitable for solving problems of personality disorder, as well as problems in the intimate sphere and other troubles associated with past and present relationships.

Client-centered therapy

Practically all forms of psychotherapy are “directive” – ‚Äč‚Äčthat is, during any interaction the therapist intentionally pushes the client in a certain direction, but the CTC uses a non-directive approach. It is based on the notion that people tend to grow and heal themselves, and therefore you are working on your own problems, you are looking for your own answers with the help of a doctor who unconditionally and positively accepts your point of view, does not condemn your character and does not offer you any of your own Theories.

The idea is that conviction undermines self-confidence, and if the therapist criticizes you, there will be no progress in treatment. The psychotherapist of the CTC applies the repetition (repeats what you just said, so you understand that he does not condemn you), and the clarification (captures the essence of what you said, and says it to you so that you have a clearer picture of your feelings) To help you understand your problem. The client-centered approach works better in long-term therapy, rather than in solving specific problems, such as phobia.

Family psychotherapy

As can be understood from the title, family psychotherapy focuses on problems arising in the family, and the relationship in the family as opposites to an individual. For example: your parents do not get along, but do not quarrel. At the same time, you have an eight-year-old brother in your arms-the horror of a school that sows chaos and destruction in the classroom and pounding children on the playground. A family psychotherapist will say that your brother’s behavior is caused by a disagreement between his parents.

Traditionally, the family therapist meets with several family members simultaneously, but the theory of family psychotherapy can also be applied to individual problems.

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