Glandular hyperplasia of the endometrium.

Glandular hyperplasia of the endometrium.

Symptoms of glandular hyperplasia of the endometrium.

Uterine bleeding (often after a delay in menstruation or in the intermenstrual period.

Violation of the menstrual cycle (prolonged absence of menstruation, delay in menstruation, abundant prolonged menstruation with clots.

General weakness, malaise, fatigue, pallor of the skin – signs of anemia, which appear as a result of blood loss.

Drawing pains in the lower abdomen and in the lumbar region.

Perhaps an asymptomatic course.

Hormonal disorders (increased estrogen content or progesterone deficiency, for example, in the syndrome of polycystic ovaries, ovarian and uterine tumors, ovarian dysfunction, etc.

Climax is a physiological (natural) process of ovarian failure, usually accompanied by hormonal imbalance (a violation of the ratio of female sex hormones.

Metabolic disorders (diabetes, obesity.

Operative interventions on the organs of the reproductive system (uterus, ovaries.

Arterial hypertension. diseases of the liver, adrenal and thyroid gland, which lead to a violation of the hormonal background and metabolism.

LookMedBook reminds: the sooner you seek help from a specialist, the more chances to keep health and reduce the risk of complications.

A gynecologist will help with the treatment of the disease.

Analysis of anamnesis of the disease and complaints (when uterine bleeding appeared, how long they last, how often they arise, what are accompanied, etc.

Analysis of obstetric-gynecological history (gynecological diseases, operations, sexually transmitted diseases, pregnancies, their outcomes, etc.).

Analysis of menstrual function (at what age the first menstruation, the duration and regularity of the cycle, the abundance and soreness of menstruation, etc. began.

Gynecological examination with obligatory bimanual (two-hand) vaginal examination (gynecologist with two hands to touch (palpation) determines the size of the uterus, ovaries, cervix, their ratio, the condition of the ligamentous apparatus of the uterus and the region of the appendages, their mobility, soreness,

Ultrasonic examination of pelvic organs.

Microscopy of gynecological smear.

Determination of the level of hormones in the blood in the 1 and 2 phases of the menstrual cycle (FSH, LH, estradiol, progesterone, prolactin, testosterone, DGA-S, 17-OH-progesterone, sex hormone binding globulin.

Separate diagnostic curettage of the uterine cavity and cervical canal followed by histological examination (study of tissue structure under magnification) of the material obtained.

Medical-diagnostic laparoscopy (through a few small incisions in the anterior abdominal wall, a special optical device (laparoscope) is introduced, with the help of which a direct examination of the pelvic organs and the abdominal cavity is performed, and in the detection of pathology, medical manipulations are performed.

Hysteroscopy (examination of the uterine cavity with a special optical device) and endometrial biopsy (taking the endometrial site with a special instrument) followed by its histological examination.

Determination of the level of cancer markers in the blood (substances that release tumors) – CA 125, CA 15-3.

Treatment of glandular hyperplasia of the endometrium.

Surgical: removal of the pathologically altered part of the mucosa (scraping of the uterine cavity.

hormonal therapy – the intake of oral hormonal contraceptives with a therapeutic purpose, pure progestogens (progesterone preparations), drugs that reduce the production of ovarian sex hormones.

general restorative therapy (intake of vitamin-mineral complexes, iron preparations, etc.).

Physiotherapy (electrophoresis, acupuncture, etc.

Complications and consequences.

Glandular hyperplasia of the endometrium of the uterus can lead to infertility. because it is often accompanied by hormonal disorders, lack of ovulation and pathological changes in the mucous uterus. Glandular hyperplasia is not considered prone to malignancy, but often recurs.

Prophylaxis of glandular hyperplasia of the endometrium.

Timely and sufficient treatment of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs.

Rejection of bad habits.

Healthy lifestyle (regular exercise, healthy food with the exception of fatty, smoked and canned food, salt, etc.).

Compliance with personal hygiene.

Rational choice of method of contraception.

Compliance with the hormone regimen.

Elimination of abortions.

Regular visit to the gynecologist (2 times a year.

Timely treatment of diseases of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, liver, control of blood glucose level in diabetes, pressure reduction in hypertension.

What to do with glandular hyperplasia of the endometrium.

A gynecologist will help with the treatment of the disease.

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