Uterus is one of the most important female organs, whose main task is to bear a healthy offspring. Therefore, a healthy womb is the main thing for every woman. But often we hear an unpleasant diagnosis – uterine fibroid. What is it.
Fibroma, fibroids and fibroids are benign tumors of the muscular tissue of the uterus. The more they differ from each other – quite a significant issue, disturbing women (because often we are confused in these terms, and this is wrong). They differ in their structure.
If the tumor is dominated by muscle fibers – then this is myoma. if the connective fibers are fibroid. and even when almost the same number of muscle and connective fibers is found, it is fibroids. The photo shows the main fibroids.
The most common was fibroid uterus.
The density of fibers of fibroids is much higher than that of the walls of the uterus and has the form of a circle or semicircle. Depending on the localization of fibroids of the uterus, it is distinguished by types.
Subseroznye tumors – located in the upper layer of the uterus and can get out.
Fibroids tumors are located inside the uterus under the mucous membrane.
Internal fibroids (intramural) – located in the muscular tissue of the uterus.
Today, the exact causes of tumors in women are not known. Presumably, fibroma occurs due to hormonal disorders, genetic abnormalities and changes in the vascular system. Family predisposition is a key factor in the formation of a tumor.
Black women are at greatest risk. The statistics of their disease is 50%. The risk of detection in our women is much lower, but age is also important. She is subject to both 20-year-old girls (20%) and women 30-50 years old (35.
Symptoms of uterine fibroid are different.
Heavy prolonged periods with cramping bleeding, which can lead to anemia.
Pain in the back and buttocks (since it strongly presses on the nerves.
The feeling of pressure in the pelvis and on the bladder, is manifested by frequent urination, even at night.
Pain during sex.
If you observe the above signs, consult a doctor immediately.
Treatment of uterine fibroids is performed by the following methods.
With this treatment, uterine fibroid is carried out with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and hormonal drugs, as well as with birth control pills.
In this case, the surgeon-gynecologist removes only the fibroids in the place of its localization, without hurting other organs. But here there is a risk not to become pregnant in the future, since the strongest bleeding may be revealed. Removing a fibroid with such a band operation does not guarantee that it will not reappear.
Method of hysteroscopic myomectomy.
It is applied to small submucosal fibromas on the inner wall of the uterus. The hysteroscope is inserted directly through the vagina and with it a fibroma node is removed by the laser. But this method removes only 20% of all tumors.
Removal of a tumor with a laparoscope.
Laparoscope (long tube), equipped with light and a lens system, is inserted into a small incision in the umbilical zone. In another place, another hole of the same size is made and surgical instruments are inserted through it.