Normal state of the microflora of the vagina (normocenosis) – largely determines the health of the female reproductive system. Normal is the microflora consisting of 90% of lactobacilli, 9% of bifidobacteria and only 1% of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms: fungi of the genus Candida, mycoplasma, gardnerella, ureaplasma and other bacteria. In this state, the microflora is capable of suppressing the development of many bacteria and infections1 without allowing them to penetrate the vaginal mucosa. Unfortunately, only 25% of women have normocoenosis.
Among the main causes of violation of normocenosis can be identified:
prolonged or uncontrolled antibiotic treatment;
violation of the hormonal balance caused by any reasons (pregnancy, abortion, improper use of hormonal contraception, menstrual irregularities, labor, pre-climax period and menopause);
any inflammation of the pelvic organs3 caused by infections and viruses;
Other factors (change of climatic zone, hypothermia, stress, chronic fatigue, non-compliance with hygiene standards).
The peculiarity of dysbiosis and many diseases that it causes is that at the initial stage they are not manifested and can develop for a long time in the body of a woman almost asymptomatically. Identify dysbiosis can be as a result of routine examinations at the gynecologist. The presence of dysbiosis can speak and such symptoms4 as:
deterioration of general well-being (chronic fatigue, obvious weakening of immunity, indigestion, decreased libido);
itching and burning in the genital area;
pain and discomfort during intercourse;
increase in discharge from the vagina, which acquire a gray-white or yellowish color and can smell of a specific “fishy” smell;
Treatment of dysbacteriosis of the vagina should be prescribed by a doctor. It includes, first of all, the suppression of pathogenic microflora5, which can cause serious diseases. Further, a course of treatment with local and general probiotics, normalizing the microflora of the vagina, is intended. The treatment course ends with the passage of mandatory control diagnostics.
Every woman should pay special attention to the prevention of dysbiosis, 7 which includes a number of the simplest and necessary measures:
mandatory regular examination by a doctor,
timely treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and intestinal infections,
fortifying measures: proper nutrition, healthy lifestyle, full sleep and compliance with personal hygiene rules.
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