Dysbacteriosis of the vagina is either the almost complete absence of microflora in the genital tract of a woman, or the predominance of opportunistic microorganisms over a normal microflora. Provoke its development can many factors, for example, stress, antibiotic treatment, improper hygiene measures.
How does vaginal dysbiosis occur.
Normally, women have lacto- and bifidobacteria in the vagina of the woman. They release a number of substances that prevent the propagation of pathogens. If these bacteria for any reason die or can not reproduce, there is a vaginal dysbiosis. This creates favorable conditions for the growth of other microorganisms. In untimely treatment, the vaginal dysbacteriosis can pass into the dysbacteriosis of the uterus.
Most often occurs the colonization of the genital tract by gardnerella, and mycoplasmas can also occur. Reproduction of fungi of the genus Candida in the genital tract is customarily identified as a separate disease – candidiasis of the vagina. But a dysbacteriosis and a thrush can meet and simultaneously. Also thrush can occur after treatment of vaginal dysbiosis.
Causes of dysbiosis in gynecology.
Vaginal dysbacteriosis can develop due to the use of antibacterial drugs.
reception of antibiotics inside.
frequent syringing with the use of herbal decoctions or preparations that have antiseptic effect.
local use of antibiotics for the treatment of diseases of the female reproductive tract.
regular use of spermicides with antiseptics for contraception.
Antibacterial drugs in this situation have a detrimental effect not only on pathogens, but also on representatives of normal microflora.
Also, dysbiosis in gynecology can develop against a background of various diseases, for example, diabetes mellitus, irregular sexual life, malnutrition, immune system disorders, and non-compliance with personal hygiene rules. Ignoring the undermining, as well as a rare replacement of pads and tampons, leads to excessive reproduction of the vaginal microflora and the development of inflammatory processes. With lactose intolerance, there is a lack of this nutrient substrate for bacteria due to a dairy-free diet. Accordingly, lactose deficiency can also be the cause of dysbiosis of the genital organs.
Another reason for the dysbacteriosis of the vagina may be unsuccessfully matched linen. So, in studies it is confirmed that wearing strings leads to a constant hit in the genital tract of bacteria contained in feces. In addition, some synthetic materials do not provide sufficient heat exchange and air exchange in the genitals. This entails a violation of the temperature conditions for the growth of normal microflora, resulting in vaginal dysbiosis.
Symptoms of vaginal dysbiosis.
Dysbacteriosis in gynecology, like most other diseases of the female reproductive tract, is manifested by abundant or altered secretions. A characteristic feature of the dysbiosis of the genital organs associated with the propagation of the gardnerella are discharges with a fishy smell.
In addition, patients are concerned about itching, burning in the external genitalia and vagina. If there is a dysbacteriosis of the uterus, then there may be pains in the lower abdomen. Often microorganisms penetrate into the urinary tract. In such cases, urogenital dysbacteriosis is combined with a clinic of cystitis and urethritis.
How to treat the dysbiosis of female genital organs.
If the vaginal dysbacteriosis is associated with the lack of vaginal microflora, then in the treatment use vaginal suppositories from dysbiosis. If it is caused by the multiplication of pathogenic and opportunistic bacteria, it is first necessary to remove them.
To suppress the growth of pathogens, antibacterial drugs are used. Use them as directed by the doctor.
For oral administration, the most commonly prescribed metronidazole. Treatment is carried out according to the schemes.
Local facilities are produced in the form of candles, for example, Betadin; vaginal tablets, for example, Clion-D, gels for vaginal administration, for example, Metronidazole-gel.
After the course of treatment, a second study of the microflora of the vagina is carried out. And if pathogenic bacteria are not detected, then prescribe drugs that restore normal microflora.
vaginal suppositories from a dysbacteriosis.
Dry preparations for insertion into the vagina must be dissolved in warm water and impregnated with a tampon solution.
If the dysbacteriosis of the genital organs is combined with the dysbacteriosis of the intestine, then it is necessary to conduct also its treatment. This combination is more often observed in the pathology of the immune system and in other diseases. Therefore, these combinations require mandatory follow-up.