During pregnancy, often there are problems with teeth or gums. If you have an infection in the oral cavity, the chance of giving birth to a baby prematurely or with low birth weight may be slightly higher than if your teeth and gums were healthy.
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is an infection in the mouth caused by bacteria. Bacteria use the sugar you eat to create acid. This acid can destroy the enamel (protective coating on the teeth), which can lead to caries or even tooth loss. Periodontal disease can begin with swelling of the gums and bleeding, a condition called gingivitis. If left untreated, gingivitis can spread from the gums to the bones that support the teeth and other parts of the oral cavity.
However, the dentist can treat periodontal disease, even if you are pregnant.
Why are pregnant women more prone to the risk of periodontal disease?
There are 2 main reasons why a woman may have dental problems during pregnancy:
During pregnancy, changes in hormone levels allow bacteria to grow easier in the mouth and gums. Therefore, periodontitis often occurs during pregnancy
Pregnant women may have nausea and vomiting, the so-called “morning sickness”, which is especially evident in the first trimester. Gastric acid from vomiting can destroy the covering of the teeth. Do not be lazy to brush your teeth twice a day in the morning and evening, and rinse your mouth after every meal. To help you braun a brush, with her brushing your teeth is a pleasure.
How safe is it to visit a dentist during pregnancy?
Dental care is safe during pregnancy and is important for the health of women and children. A dentist can help improve oral health during pregnancy. He can also find and treat problems with teeth and gums.
Before you visit a dentist, make sure that your doctor knows that you are pregnant. If you need anti-inflammatory or pain medication, the dentist will prescribe those that are safe for the baby.
Tell the dentist about any changes that you noticed after becoming pregnant, as well as about any medications or supplements that you are taking.
Conventional X-rays should be avoided during pregnancy, but this may be necessary if there is a problem or an emergency. Your body should be covered with an apron to protect you and your child.
Dental work can be safely performed at any time during pregnancy. But if it’s possible, then it’s better to postpone the procedure until the first trimester ends.