Colpitis is an inflammation of the vaginal mucosa. Symptoms of nonspecific colpitis. Prevention of chronic colpitis. What is yeast or Candida colpitis.
Colpitis – inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina or vaginitis. This is one of the most common diseases among women of predominantly reproductive age.
The causative agent of colpitis can be chlamydia, mycoplasma, streptococcus, staphylococcus, hemophilia and other infections. The disease develops because of violations of the natural microflora of the vagina. If a woman is healthy, the flora of the vagina consists mainly of sticks, which produce lactic acid, which has a harmful effect on various microbes.
Factors conducive to the development of colpitis.
– Sexually transmitted infections.
– other infectious diseases.
– mechanical damage to the mucous membrane of the vagina.
malfunction of the mucous membrane.
– Violation of the anatomical features of the vagina.
– diseases of the endocrine system.
– Prolonged use of antibiotics.
– Allergic reactions (on a condom, suppositories, ointments, etc.).
– non-observance of the rules of personal hygiene.
If the inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina is not treated, then the inflammatory process can go to the canal of the cervix, uterus, appendages, etc., which in turn leads to endometritis, erosion of the cervix and infertility.
Symptoms of colpitis.
Kolpety is divided into specific and non-specific. Specific colpitis is caused by sexual infections. Symptoms of a specific colpitis: the walls of the vagina are swollen, velvety, with a touch bleeds. Nonspecific colpitis infectious-inflammatory disease of the vagina, caused by the action of opportunistic microorganisms (E. coli, streptococci, staphylococcus, etc.). Nonspecific colpitis is accompanied by mucous and purulent secretions.
Symptoms of acute colpitis.
– Itching and redness of the external genitalia.
pain in the lower abdomen.
Pain during intercourse and urination.
– deterioration of general well-being.
In pregnant women, inflammation of the vaginal mucosa is usually caused by mycoplasma or ureaplasma. This can cause miscarriage and fetal infection. (article Treatment of ureaplasma urealiticum during and during pregnancy planning.
Yeast colpitis or candida colpitis is a thrush. About the symptoms and treatment of thrush, see the article What is thrush? Causes of thrush.
Atrophic and senile (old) colpites develop mainly on the background of pronounced decrease in the hormonal function of the ovaries and thinning of the mucous membrane of the vagina.
Treatment of colpitis therapy aimed at eliminating predisposing factors for the development of the disease, treatment of co-morbidities, taking into account clinical manifestations.
Colpitis treatment includes.
– preparations for general strengthening.
For local treatment are appointed.
– antimicrobial candles and ointments.
– Local hormone therapy (according to indications.
Antibiotic therapy is prescribed only after determining the sensitivity of the pathogen to antibiotics. Many drugs have contraindications in pregnancy and lactation. These include such popular drugs as Betadine (contraindicated starting from the 3rd month of pregnancy), Nolycin, Dalacin, Clindacin Cream, etc. At the same time, there are no contraindications for pregnant women Pimafucin, Terzhinan, Vagotil and many other antiseptics. But be careful and do not self-medicate. Do not abuse even syringing daisies, as this can adversely affect the natural microflora of the vaginal mucosa.
Prevention colpitis is the timely access to the doctor with the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease and compliance with personal hygiene.