Erosion of the cervix is a disease in which small ulcers (erosions) appear on the mucous membrane of the cervix. In this case, erosion is not considered a precancerous disease, although it increases the risk of cervical cancer.
What is cervical erosion.
The cervix connects the uterus and the vagina and is a cylindrical cavity that is filled with mucus. The mucous membrane of the cervix consists of a flat epithelium from the side of the vagina and a prismatic epithelium in the cervical canal.
It is customary to distinguish pseudo-erosion and true erosion of the cervix. Pseudoversion is more common in young women and in women with an elevated level of estrogen in the blood and it lies in the exit of the prismatic epithelium beyond the cervical canal.
True erosion of the cervix is a wound in the vaginal part of the cervix, which looks like a red spot against the background of a light pink healthy mucous membrane.
Causes of erosion of the cervix.
Erosion can be congenital (which, as a rule, is pseudo-erosion, or ectopia) and acquired (consequence of infections or trauma.
The most common causes of erosion of the cervix.
STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) – urogenital chlamydia, trichomoniasis, mycoplasmosis and ureaplasmosis, gonorrhea, papillomavirus infection, herpesvirus of the second type, or genital herpes.
other inflammatory diseases of female genital organs.
inflammatory diseases of the vagina (vaginitis, colpitis, bacterial vaginosis, thrush.
mechanical damage to the mucous membrane of the cervix (delivery, abortion, coarse sexual intercourse.
The following factors can contribute to the development of erosion.
violation of the menstrual cycle.
early onset of sexual activity and frequent change of sexual partners.
Symptoms of cervical erosion.
As a rule, erosion of the cervix is asymptomatic, it can be identified with a planned visit to the gynecologist. But in some cases, erosion can manifest itself as pink or brown, smearing discharge, which can appear after sexual intercourse or spontaneously. There may also be pain during intercourse. In addition, symptoms of concomitant diseases can occur, which have led to the development of erosion.
Diagnosis of the disease.
To diagnose the doctor-gynecologist can on the basis of a gynecological examination, erosion looks like a site of inflamed (more red) mucosa, it begins to bleed after touching it with a gynecological probe. To clarify the diagnosis, the doctor can prescribe an additional examination – colposcopy.
Treatment of cervical erosion.
Treatment of erosions of the cervix can be medicamentous and non-medicamentous.
Medicamentous treatment of erosion.
includes the appointment of anti-inflammatory drugs and agents that affect the cause of erosion and contribute to the restoration of damaged tissues. If erosion is caused by infectious diseases of the vagina (chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, etc.), effective treatment is possible only after the elimination of these diseases.
To quickly repair damaged cells, vaginal suppositories and other drugs may be prescribed. These drugs have an antimicrobial effect and contribute to the recovery of damaged cells of the mucous membrane of the cervix.
However, the doctor can choose the right treatment and choose the right drug based on the data obtained during the examination. Do self-treatment of cervical erosion is not recommended, as for the effective treatment of everything first you need to eliminate the cause of the disease.
Surgical treatment of cervical erosion.
is based on methods of influencing the damaged mucous membrane of the cervix with.
liquid nitrogen (cryodestruction.
laser radiation (laser construction.
electric current (moxibustion.
diathermocoagulation (thermal cauterization.
radio wave treatment of cervical erosion.
However, the doctor can choose the right treatment and choose the right drug based on the data obtained during the examination. It is not recommended to engage in self-medication of cervical erosion, as for the effective treatment of everything, it is first necessary to eliminate the cause of the disease.