Symptoms of algodismenorrhea.

Cramping and / or aching (pulling) pains in the lower abdomen, in the region of the sacrum and loin on the eve and in the first days of menstruation.

The spread of pain (irradiation) to various parts of the body (in the rectum, perineum, inside of the thighs.

General malaise – weakness, dizziness, loss of ability to work, fainting.

“Vegetative storm” – nausea, vomiting, sweating, diarrhea (loose stool, diarrhea), migraine-like headache.

Primary or functional – not associated with anatomical changes in the internal genitalia, occurs in young girls 1 to 1.5 years after the onset of menstruation (menarche.

Secondary – is due to pathological processes in the organs of the small pelvis (endometriosis, developmental anomalies, chronic inflammatory diseases of internal genital organs, etc.).

Endometriosis is the spread of the inner layer of the uterine cavity (endometrium) beyond the uterine cavity: external genital endometriosis, endometrioid cysts of the ovaries, cervix, etc.

Adenomyosis – endometriosis of the uterus body – the spread of the endometrium into the body of the uterus.

Hypoplasia of the uterus (underdevelopment of the uterus body – uterus is smaller in size than it should be.

Incorrect position of the uterus in the cavity of the small pelvis (retroflexio or acute-angled anteflexio), resulting in a violation of the outflow of menstrual blood from the uterine cavity.

Infectious and inflammatory diseases of internal genital organs (acute or chronic salpingo-oophoritis, acute or chronic endometritis, etc.

Traumatic births, abortions, surgical interventions on the uterus and appendages.

Psychological factors (inclination to hysteria, hypochondria, aversion to menstruation, etc.

LookMedBook reminds: the sooner you seek help from a specialist, the more chances to keep health and reduce the risk of complications.

A gynecologist will help with the treatment of the disease.

Analysis of anamnesis of the disease and complaints (when (for how long) there were pains during menstruation, are accompanied by weakness, nausea, violation of stool, how long they continue, etc.

Analysis of gynecological history (gynecological diseases, operations, sexually transmitted diseases, etc.).

Analysis of menstrual function (at what age the first menstruation began, the duration and regularity of the cycle, the profuse and painful menstruation, etc.).

Gynecological examination.

Ultrasonic diagnosis of pelvic organs.

Microscopy of the vaginal discharge of the vaginal discharge, cervical canal and urethra.

PCR diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases and the most common pathogenic viruses and microorganisms.

Determination of the level of hormones in the blood in the 1 and 2 phase of the menstrual cycle.

Hysteroscopy – examination of the uterine cavity and cervical canal with a hysteroscope.

Treatment-diagnostic laparoscopy.

Consultation of a psychologist. psychotherapist.

Treatment of algodismenorea.

Treatment depends on the form of the algomenorrhea and the cause that caused it.

Anesthetic and anti-inflammatory therapy (general and local.

Admission of oral hormonal contraceptives with a therapeutic purpose.

Receiving gestagens (progesterone preparations.

General strengthening therapy (intake of vitamins and minerals of certain groups – vit. E, B6, magnesium, etc.).

Consultation of a psychologist or psychotherapist.

Treatment-diagnostic laparoscopy.

Reconstructive operations on the organs of the reproductive system to eliminate the anomalies of their development.

Physiotherapy (electrophoresis.

Consultation of a psychologist. psychotherapist.

Complications and consequences.

Since algomenorrhea is a symptom and consequence of any violations in the organs of the reproductive system of a woman, untimely establishment and elimination of the cause that caused it can lead to infertility, a significant decrease in the quality of life of a woman and temporary, but regular loss of her ability to work.

Prophylaxis of algodismenorea.

Timely and sufficient treatment of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs.

Rejection of bad habits.

Compliance with a healthy lifestyle (regular exercise, healthy food with the exception of fatty, smoked and canned food, salt, etc.)

Compliance with personal hygiene.

Regular visit to the gynecologist (2 times a year).

What to do with algodismenore.

A gynecologist will help with the treatment of the disease.

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